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Many studies have shown cross-sectional (and two small studies, longitudinal) declines in total and/or free testosterone (T) levels, with age, in men. The extent to which decline in T is the result of the aging process per se, as opposed to chronic illness, medication use, and other age-related factors, remains controversial. The frequency with which aging(More)
Circulating testosterone (T) levels have behavioral and neurological effects in both human and nonhuman species. Both T concentrations and neuropsychological function decrease substantially with age in men. The purpose of this prospective, longitudinal study was to investigate the relationships between age-associated decreases in endogenous serum T and free(More)
BACKGROUND Surveys have generally found that individuals more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine are female, live in the western United States, are likely to have a health complaint, and have a higher socioeconomic status than do nonusers. What is not known is the extent to which those who use complementary and alternative medicine also(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) may play a role in prostate growth, hyperplasia, and malignancy. High plasma IGF-I has been associated with increased prostate cancer risk. In a prospective, cohort, case-control study in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study on Aging population, we examined prostate volume by magnetic resonance imaging, and prostate-specific(More)
CONTEXT Hormone administration to elderly individuals can increase lean body mass (LBM) and decrease fat, but interactive effects of growth hormone (GH) and sex steroids and their influence on strength and endurance are unknown. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of recombinant human GH and/or sex steroids on body composition, strength, endurance, and(More)
Aging is associated with reduced GH, IGF-I, and sex steroid axis activity and with increased abdominal fat. We employed a randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled, noncross-over design to study the effects of 6 months of administration of GH alone (20 microg/kg BW), sex hormone alone (hormone replacement therapy in women, testosterone enanthate in(More)
The exquisitely orchestrated adaptive response to stressors that challenge the homeostasis of the cell and organism involves important changes in mitochondrial function. A complex signaling network enables mitochondria to sense internal milieu or environmental changes and to adjust their bioenergetic, thermogenic, oxidative and/or apoptotic responses(More)
We investigated the effects of aging on the regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function and hippocampal steroid receptors in a series of in vivo and in vitro studies conducted in healthy intact 2-, 8-, 18-, and 24-month-old male Fischer 344/N rats. Basal plasma ACTH levels were similar among age groups, and basal plasma corticosterone levels(More)
To compare the effects of oral vs. transdermal estrogens on GH secretion and levels of circulating insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in younger vs. older postmenopausal women, we conducted a placebo-controlled, cross-over trial of 6 weeks of oral conjugated estrogen (1.25 mg daily) or transdermal estradiol (100(More)