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PURPOSE Patient-derived xenograft models are considered to represent the heterogeneity of human cancers and advanced preclinical models. Our consortium joins efforts to extensively develop and characterize a new collection of patient-derived colorectal cancer (CRC) models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN From the 85 unsupervised surgical colorectal samples(More)
Pro-angiogenic cell-based therapies constitute an interesting and attractive approach to enhancing post-stroke neurogenesis and decreasing neurological deficit. However, most new stroke-induced neurons die during the first few weeks after ischemia, thus impairing total recovery. Although the neovascularization process involves different cell types and(More)
Research into neonatal ischemic brain damage is impeded by the lack of a complete understanding of the initial hemodynamic mechanisms resulting in a lesion, particularly that of NO-mediated vascular mechanisms. In a neonatal stroke rat model, we recently show that collateral recruitment contributes to infarct size variability. Non-specific and selective NO(More)
PURPOSE The aim of our study was to assess whether the polymorphism of the nucleotide excision repair enzyme, excision repair cross-complementing rodent repair deficiency, complementation group 1 (ERCC1), had an effect on the tumor response in patients treated with standard chemotherapy regimens for a metastatic colorectal cancer. We have studied the(More)
PURPOSES Intestinal complications after radiotherapy are caused by transmural fibrosis and impair the quality of life of cancer survivors. Radiation fibrosis was considered permanent and irreversible, but recently, its dynamic nature was shown, providing new opportunities for the development of antifibrotic therapies. Among these new targets, we identified(More)
Proteins of the BCL-2 family control the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis. Targeting these proteins proves to be an attractive strategy for anticancer therapy. The biological context is based on the fact that BH3-only members of the family are specific antagonists of prosurvival members. This prompted the identification of "BH3 mimetic" compounds. These(More)
BACKGROUND New models continue to be required to improve our understanding of colorectal cancer progression. To this aim, we characterised in this study a three-dimensional multicellular tumour model that we named colospheres, directly obtained from mechanically dissociated colonic primary tumours and correlated with metastatic potential. METHODS(More)
Cerebrovascular impairment is frequent in patients with Alzheimer disease and is believed to influence clinical manifestation and severity of the disease. Cardiovascular risk factors, especially hypertension, have been associated with higher risk of developing Alzheimer disease. To investigate the mechanisms underlying the hypertension, Alzheimer disease(More)
Inflammation plays a key role in ischemic stroke pathophysiology: microglial/macrophage cells and type-1 helper cells (Th1) seem deleterious, while type-2 helper cells (Th2) and regulatory T cells (Treg) seem protective. CD4 Th0 differentiation is modulated by microglial cytokine secretion. Glatiramer Acetate (GA) is an immunomodulatory drug that has been(More)
IMPORTANCE Ninety percent of cases of acute calculous cholecystitis are of mild (grade I) or moderate (grade II) severity. Although the preoperative and intraoperative antibiotic management of acute calculous cholecystitis has been standardized, few data exist on the utility of postoperative antibiotic treatment. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of(More)