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For 10 years, research has focused on signaling pathways controlling translation to explain neuronal death in Alzheimer Disease (AD). Previous studies demonstrated in different cellular and animal models and AD patients that translation is down-regulated by the activation of double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR). Among downstream factors of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Neuroinflammation plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Its relationship with underlying β amyloid deposition remains unclear. In vivo visualization of microglial activation has become possible with the development of molecular imaging ligands when used with positron emission tomography (PET). The translocator(More)
Current evidence suggests a central role for autophagy in many neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Furthermore, it is well admitted that inflammation contributes to the progression of these diseases. Interestingly, crosstalks between autophagy and inflammation(More)
The control of translation is disturbed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study analysed the crosslink between the up regulation of double-stranded RNA-dependent-protein kinase (PKR) and the down regulation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling pathways via p53, the protein Regulated in the Development and DNA damage response 1 (Redd1) and the(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation may be involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). There has been little success with anti-inflammatory drugs in AD, while the promise of anti-inflammatory treatment is more evident in experimental models. A new anti-inflammatory strategy requires a better understanding of molecular mechanisms. Among the plethora of(More)
In Alzheimer's disease, neuropathological hallmarks include the accumulation of beta-amyloid peptides (Abeta) in senile plaques, phosphorylated tau in neurofibrillary tangles and neuronal death. Abeta is the major aetiological agent according to the amyloid cascade hypothesis. Translational control includes phosphorylation of the kinases mammalian target of(More)
Basal vasomotor tone in coronary vessels is, in part, maintained by nitric oxide (NO) production by endothelial constitutive NO synthase (ecNOS). Alteration of coronary circulation observed in left ventricular hypertrophy secondary to hypertension could be associated with a decrease in NO production. The aim of this study was to measure: (1) coronary flow(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that the PKR (double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase) pathway was activated while the mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway was inhibited in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we analysed upstream and downstream factors of mTOR in brain of APP(SL)/PS1 KI mice displaying a massive neuronal loss in hippocampus. While(More)
Since the prognosis of localized amyloidosis remains unclear, we conducted a survey to define the characteristics and the course of this disease. The charts of 35 patients with either laryngeal (14 patients), tracheobronchial (10 patients), colonic (1 patient), or lower urinary tract amyloidosis (10 patients) were analyzed. The average age at diagnosis was(More)
In recent years, studies have sought to understand the mechanisms involved in the alteration of autophagic flux in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Alongside the recent description of the impairment of lysosomal acidification, we wanted to study the relationships between inflammation and autophagy, two physiological components deregulated in AD. Therefore, a(More)