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Fast transport of intra-axonal organelles was studied in motor nerve from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. Organelle traffic in ALS nerves demonstrated a significant increase in anterograde mean speed, while retrograde mean speed was decreased compared with that of controls. Retrograde traffic density (organelles per unit time) was also(More)
The mechanism by which organelles are transported bidirectionally in axoplasm is still unknown; however, evidence of a key role for microtubules in many nonmammalian models has been established. We have observed common or shared tracks within the axoplasm of human nerves along which multiple organelles of varying size and shape are bidirectionally(More)
Moving intra-axonal organelles demonstrate frequent variations in speed when viewed over several seconds. To evaluate these and other motion variations, a long-term analysis of organelle motion in isolated axoplasm of Myxicola infundibulum was carried out using differential interference contrast optics and analog and digital image enhancement techniques.(More)
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