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The optical spectrum of the hydrated (aqueous) electron, e(aq)(–), is the primary observable by means of which this species is detected, monitored, and studied. In theoretical calculations, this spectrum has most often been simulated using one-electron models. Here, we present ab initio simulations of that spectrum in both bulk water and, for the first(More)
Existence of a hydrated electron as a byproduct of water radiolysis was established more than 50 years ago, yet this species continues to attract significant attention due to its role in radiation chemistry, including DNA damage, and because questions persist regarding its detailed structure. This work provides an overview of what is known in regards to the(More)
This study compared chronic hemodialysis and CAPD patients on several quality of life variables: dietary adherence, self-esteem, hope, wellbeing, marital happiness, perceived control over life, marital status, number of emotional support persons, and participation in social, recreational, and work activities. Statistically significant differences in the(More)
Relationships among fluid intake and dietary-adherence of 29 hemodialysis patients, nurses' attitudes (liking-disliking) toward these patients, and selected nurses' and patients' verbalizations during hemodialysis treatment were explored. No significant associations were found. Nurses may be facilitating positive solutions to all patients' health care(More)
Experiments have suggested that the aqueous electron, e(-)(aq), may play a significant role in the radiation chemistry of DNA. A recent measurement of the energy (below vacuum level) of the putative "interfacial" hydrated electron at the water/vacuum interface, performed using liquid microjet photoelectron spectroscopy, has been interpreted to suggest that(More)
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