Learn More
BACKGROUND Lung-protective mechanical ventilation during general surgery including the application of PEEP can reduce postoperative pulmonary complications. In a prospective clinical observation study, we evaluated volume-dependent respiratory system compliance in adult patients undergoing ear-nose-throat surgery with ventilation settings chosen empirically(More)
Specific inhibition of thrombin is a new method for the prevention of postoperative deep-vein thrombosis. The objective of this multicenter, randomized, double-blind study was to compare the efficacy and safety of desirudin (Revasc, CGP 39393; fifteen milligrams two times a day) with that of unfractionated heparin (5000 international units three times a(More)
A total of 501 elderly patients with essential hypertension were randomized to receive valsartan or lisinopril in this one year multi-center, double-blind, parallel group trial. Patients received valsartan 40 mg (n = 334) or lisinopril 2.5 mg (n = 167) daily for 2 weeks with subsequent titration (alone or in combination with hydroclorothiazide), depending(More)
BACKGROUND Patients who undergo total hip replacement have a high risk of thromboembolic complications. Recombinant hirudin (desirudin), a specific inhibitor of thrombin, represents a new development in antithrombotic therapy. We compared the efficacy and safety of desirudin with those of a low-molecular-weight heparin (enoxaparin) for the prevention of(More)
Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is a recently described autoimmune disorder mediated by antibodies to the NR1 subunit of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. It was first recognized as a paraneoplastic syndrome in young women with ovarian teratoma [1]. Further studies have shown that about 40% of the patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis do not have a(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of a fructose-restricted diet in otherwise healthy children with abdominal pain and pathologic fructose hydrogen breath test. SUBJECTS AND METHODS 75 children (aging 3-14 years) with recurrent abdominal pain without gastrointestinal disease and fructose malabsorption followed a fructose(More)
In 150 patients admitted to an ICU phospholipase A serum activity was measured daily. The correlation between the increase of phospholipase A serum activity and the severity of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and the incidence of acute renal failure (ARF), two important target systems in multiple organ failure (MOF) syndrome was studied as well(More)
Symptomatic intramedullary arachnoid cysts are rare, especially in children; these lesions are rarely described as a cause of spinal cord compression in this age group. The authors report on an 18-month-old boy who experienced a sudden loss of his ability to stand and walk due to a paraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine exhibited a cystic(More)