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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling through TrkB regulates different aspects of neuronal development, including survival, axonal and dendritic growth, and synapse formation. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the functional significance of BDNF and TrkB in the retina, the cell types in the retina that express BDNF and TrkB, and(More)
Seventy-one chick embryos of both sexes at the 35 Hamburger and Hamilton (H-H) developmental stage were processed for scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts and of critical point dried specimens, as well as transmission electron- and light microscopy, in order to study the angiogenic structures. The gonadal subepithelial capillary network(More)
BACKGROUND In the chick embryo, both mesonephros and metanephros have a renal portal system. The classical literature gives uncertain answers about the development and degeneration of the meso- and metanephric portal venous system. Some mesonephric vessels present angiogenic processes to colonize the metanephros, while others show signs of degeneration and(More)
It is known that chick primordial germ cells (PGCs) in early embryonic development migrate via the blood vascular system to colonize the gonadal anlagen. Classically, two factors have been involved in the extravasation of PGCs from the blood stream: chemotactic and mechanical factors. An accurate knowledge of the vascular system of the genital ridge is(More)
IGF-1 has been associated with the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy, although its role is not fully understood. Here we show that normoglycemic/normoinsulinemic transgenic mice overexpressing IGF-1 in the retina developed most alterations seen in human diabetic eye disease. A paracrine effect of IGF-1 in the retina initiated vascular alterations that(More)
The periphery of the vitreous body contains a population of cells termed hyalocytes. Despite the existence for more than one century of publications devoted to the pecten oculi, a convoluted coil of blood vessels that seems to be the primary source of nutrients for the avian avascular retina, little information can be found concerning the pecteneal(More)
A Pekingese dog with hemivertebrae, rib malformations and spinal cord dysraphism without spina bifida was presented. Two types of hemivertebrae were seen: bilateral and unilateral. Thoracic hemivertebrae were associated with fused ribs and rudimentary ribs. Spinal dysraphism consisted of polycavitary syringomyelia in the dorsal and lateral funiculi,(More)
Embryonic tissues, in common with other tissues, including tumours, tend to develop a substantial vasculature when transplanted onto the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). Studies conducted to date have not examined in any detail the identity of vessels that supply these grafts, although it is known that the survival of transplanted tissues depends on their(More)
The deacetylase Sirtuin-1 (Sirt1) is involved in the cardiac hypertrophic responses and cardiac embryo morphogenesis. However, the physiological function of Sirt1 deficiency in the postnatal development of the heart remains to be characterized. The aim of the study was to investigate the relevance of Sirt1 in the development and function of the myocardium.(More)
Sex differences in the disposition of albendazole metabolites in sheep after oral administration of 20 mg/kg of netobimin have been studied. Some kinetic parameters of both metabolites show statistical differences between sexes; the sulphoxide and sulphone t1/2beta and MRT were lower in male animals than in females. Peak concentrations and AUC of sulphone(More)