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CONTEXT No randomized trials have examined treatments for prescription opioid dependence, despite its increasing prevalence. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of brief and extended buprenorphine hydrochloride-naloxone hydrochloride treatment, with different counseling intensities, for patients dependent on prescription opioids. DESIGN Multisite,(More)
BACKGROUND Nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors are a critical component of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected persons. Several of these medications cause painful, dose-limiting peripheral neuropathy (PN), which may develop earlier and more intensely in persons with preexisting neuropathy. The prevalence of baseline peripheral neuropathy(More)
Injection drug use accounts for most of the incident infections with hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the United States and other developed countries. HCV infection is a complex and challenging medical condition in injection drug users (IDUs). Elements of care for hepatitis C in illicit drug users include prevention counseling and education; screening for(More)
The New York City Clinical Data Research Network (NYC-CDRN), funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), brings together 22 organizations including seven independent health systems to enable patient-centered clinical research, support a national network, and facilitate learning healthcare systems. The NYC-CDRN includes a robust,(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to assess injection practices, means of acquiring and disposing of syringes, and utilization and knowledge of harm reduction resources among injection drug users (IDUs) entering methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). METHODS Interviews with 100 consecutive patients, including 35 IDUs, entering a MMT program in the Bronx, NY. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Despite concerns about its health and social consequences, little is known about the prevalence of illicit opioid use in New York City. Individuals who misuse heroin and prescription opioids are known to bear a disproportionate burden of morbidity and mortality. Service providers and public health authorities are challenged to provide appropriate(More)
BACKGROUND The New York University- New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation (NYU-HHC) Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI) used a community-based participatory research (CBPR) and consensus-building approach among its community advisory board (CAB) and steering committee (SC) members to formulate research priorities to foster shared(More)
Optimizing the health of populations, whether defined as persons receiving care from a health care delivery system or more broadly as persons in a region, is emerging as a core focus in the era of health care reform. To achieve this goal requires an approach in which preventive care is valued and "nonmedical" determinants of patients' health are engaged.(More)
Injection drug users (IDUs) were heavily affected by the tuberculosis (TB) resurgence in New York City in the 1990s. We assessed the effectiveness of screening for latent TB infection in methadone users and of selective treatment with isoniazid. Risk for future TB was classified as low or high on the basis of tuberculin, anergy, and HIV test results. The(More)
Lack of a brief, validated screening and assessment tool to identify problematic drug use is a significant barrier to integrating screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) services into primary care settings. Because patient self-administered screening is potentially more efficient than the traditional face-to-face approach, we(More)