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Photosystem II (PSII) performs one of the key reactions on our planet: the light-driven oxidation of water. This fundamental but very complex process requires PSII to act in a highly coordinated fashion. Despite detailed structural information on the fully assembled PSII complex, the dynamic aspects of formation, processing, turnover, and degradation of(More)
The mechanism and kinetics of electron transfer in isolated D1/D2-cyt(b559) photosystem (PS) II reaction centers (RCs) and in intact PSII cores have been studied by femtosecond transient absorption and kinetic compartment modeling. For intact PSII, a component of approximately 1.5 ps reflects the dominant energy-trapping kinetics from the antenna by the RC.(More)
The fluorescence kinetics in intact photosystem II core particles from the cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus have been measured with picosecond resolution at room temperature in open reaction centers. At least two new lifetime components of approximately 2 and 9 ps have been resolved in the kinetics by global analysis in addition to several known(More)
Water binding to the Mn(4)O(5)Ca cluster of the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) of Photosystem II (PSII) poised in the S(2) state was studied via H(2)(17)O- and (2)H(2)O-labeling and high-field electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Hyperfine couplings of coordinating (17)O (I = 5/2) nuclei were detected using W-band (94 GHz) electron-electron(More)
The efficient incorporation and assembly of calcium, chloride and manganese followed by photoactivation of the water-oxidizing complex (WOC) is a prerequisite for the unique water-splitting activity of photosystem II. This minireview summarizes the recent results on incorporation and storage of the inorganic cofactors, photoactivation of the WOC and(More)
Photosystem II (PSII), a large multisubunit membrane protein complex found in the thylakoid membranes of cyanobacteria, algae and plants, catalyzes light-driven oxygen evolution from water and reduction of plastoquinone. Biogenesis of PSII requires coordinated assembly of at least 20 protein subunits, as well as incorporation of various organic and(More)
Large data sets of molecular projections of the membrane proteins Photosystem I and Photosystem II from cyanobacteria were analyzed by single particle electron microscopy (EM). Analysis resulted in the averaging of 2D projections from the purified complexes but also in the simultaneous detection and averaging of 2D projections from large contaminating(More)
The assignment of the two substrate water sites of the tetra-manganese penta-oxygen calcium (Mn4O5Ca) cluster of photosystem II is essential for the elucidation of the mechanism of biological O-O bond formation and the subsequent design of bio-inspired water-splitting catalysts. We recently demonstrated using pulsed EPR spectroscopy that one of the five(More)
Biogenesis of photosynthetic pigment/protein complexes is a highly regulated process that requires various assisting factors. Here, we report on the molecular analysis of the Pitt gene (slr1644) from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (Synechocystis 6803) that encodes a membrane-bound tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) protein of formerly unknown(More)
Psb27 is a membrane-extrinsic subunit of photosystem II (PSII) where it is involved in the assembly and maintenance of this large membrane protein complex that catalyzes one of the key reactions in the biosphere, the light-induced oxidation of water. Here, we report for the first time the structure of Psb27 that was not observed in the previous crystal(More)