Marc M. Hirschmann

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The onset of melting in the Earth's upper mantle influences the thermal evolution of the planet, fluxes of key volatiles to the exosphere, and geochemical and geophysical properties of the mantle. Although carbonatitic melt could be stable 250 km or less beneath mid-oceanic ridges, owing to the small fraction (∼0.03 wt%) its effects on the mantle properties(More)
The onset of partial melting beneath mid-ocean ridges governs the cycling of highly incompatible elements from the mantle to the crust, the flux of key volatiles (such as CO2, He and Ar) and the rheological properties of the upper mantle. Geophysical observations indicate that melting beneath ridges begins at depths approaching 300 km, but the cause of this(More)
Brain corticosteroid receptors, the type 1 mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and the type 2 glucocorticoid receptor (GR), are involved in the regulation of neuroendocrine and behavioral responses during ongoing and stressful conditions. To further investigate the role of MR in these responses, we treated male Wistar rats intracerebroventricularly (icv) for 1(More)
Administration of steroid hormones was demonstrated to modulate the sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) and sleep-associated hormonal secretion in specific ways. The present study was conducted to compare the effects of mifepristone (Mif), a mixed glucocorticoid (GR) and progesterone receptor (PR) antagonist, and megestrol acetate (Meg), a PR agonist. Nine(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI) and contrast enhancement in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions. We compared maps of T1 relaxation time, proton density (PD), and magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) between lesions with and without contrast enhancement as quantified by the amount of T1 shortening(More)
[1] We describe the Library of Experimental Phase Relations (LEPR), which is a new Web-based database of experiments pertaining to magmatic phase equilibria. The database includes information from experiments related to natural or near-natural magmatic silicate phase equilibria. At present, the database includes more than 6,600 experiments with liquids(More)
Introduction: A strong early Martian greenhouse atmosphere is required to account for evidence of liquid water on the surface of Mars [e.g. 1]. Many models of Mars' atmospheric evolution incorporate magmatic outgassing fluxes of CO 2 based on analogy to terrestrial magmas [2-5]. Here we investigate the solubility of carbon dioxide in Martian analogue(More)
Synthetic and naturally occurring steroids exert a variety of neural effects that include modulation of nocturnal sleep. The present study focuses on the effect of progesterone receptor (PR) activation on the nocturnal sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) in male volunteers. As a PR ligand, the synthetic progesterone megestrol was used, which has the advantage(More)