Marc M Greenberg

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Dehydroepiandrosterone, a mammalian glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase inhibitor, prevented Avy/a mice from becoming obese. Decreased accumulation of triacylglycerol accounted for a large portion of the weight difference between treated and control Avy/a mice. Hepatic lipogenesis as measured by 3H2O incorporation into total lipid was less in the(More)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites are ubiquitous DNA lesions that are highly mutagenic and cytotoxic if not repaired. In addition, clusters of two or more abasic lesions within one to two turns of DNA, a hallmark of ionizing radiation, are repaired much less efficiently and thus present greater mutagenic potential. Abasic sites are chemically labile, but(More)
The oxidatively induced DNA lesions 2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5-formamidopyrimidine (FapyG) and 4,6-diamino-5-formamidopyrimidine (FapyA) are formed abundantly in DNA of cultured cells or tissues exposed to ionizing radiation or to other free radical-generating systems. In vitro studies indicate that these lesions are miscoding, can block the progression of DNA(More)
A broad scientific community is involved in investigations aimed at delineating the mechanisms of formation and cellular processing of oxidatively generated damage to nucleic acids. Perhaps as a consequence of this breadth of research expertise, there are nomenclature problems for several of the oxidized bases including 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoGua),(More)
Fapy.dG (N(6)()-(2-deoxy-alpha,beta-d-erythropentofuranosyl)-2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5-formamidopyrimidine) is a modified purine lesion produced by a variety of DNA-damaging agents, which shows interesting biochemical properties. The previous method for synthesizing oligonucleotides containing Fapy.dG utilized a reverse dinucleotide phosphoramidite, which(More)
A nucleopeptide was prepared in a convergent manner via segmental coupling of the protected biopolymers in solution. The resulting nucleopeptide (4b, 72%) containing the binding site of lambda repressor and a peptide containing the consensus sequence of the DNA binding helix of the helix turn-helix-proteins was obtained using only five equivalents of the(More)
Fapy.dG and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) are formed in DNA by hydroxyl radical damage. In order to study replication past these lesions in cells, we constructed a single-stranded shuttle vector containing the lesion in 5'-TGT and 5'-TGA sequence contexts. Replication of the modified vector in simian kidney (COS-7) cells showed that Fapy.dG(More)
The compound 3-amino-1,2,4-benzotriazine 1,4-dioxide (tirapazamine, TPZ) is a clinically promising anticancer agent that selectively kills the oxygen-poor (hypoxic) cells found in solid tumors. It has long been known that, under hypoxic conditions, TPZ causes DNA strand damage that is initiated by the abstraction of hydrogen atoms from the deoxyribose(More)
Abasic sites are often referred to as noninstructive lesions. The C1'-oxidized abasic site (2-deoxyribonolactone, L) is produced by several DNA damaging agents, including gamma-radiolysis and the neocarzinostatin chromophore (NCS). The effects of a C1'-oxidized abasic site incorporated at a defined site in single-stranded plasmid were examined in SOS(More)