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We have recently described Poliovirus Receptor Related 2 (PRR2), a new cell surface molecule homologous to the poliovirus receptor (PVR/CD155). Both molecules are transmembrane glycoproteins belonging to the Ig superfamily (IgSF). They contain 3 Ig domains of V, C2, and C2 types in their extracellular regions that share 51% aa identity. The PRR2 gene(More)
Measles virus is an aerosol-transmitted virus that affects more than 10 million children each year and accounts for approximately 120,000 deaths. Although it was long believed to replicate in the respiratory epithelium before disseminating, it was recently shown to infect initially macrophages and dendritic cells of the airways using signalling lymphocytic(More)
Human natural killer (NK) cells express a series of activating receptors and coreceptors that are involved in recognition and killing of target cells. In this study, in an attempt to identify the cellular ligands for such triggering surface molecules, mice were immunized with NK-susceptible target cells. On the basis of a functional screening, four mAbs(More)
DNAX accessory molecule 1 (DNAM-1; CD226) is a transmembrane glycoprotein involved in T cell and natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity. We demonstrated recently that DNAM-1 triggers NK cell-mediated killing of tumor cells upon engagement by its two ligands, poliovirus receptor (PVR; CD155) and Nectin-2 (CD112). In the present paper, we show that PVR and(More)
Nectins form a family of integral molecules that belong to the immunoglobulin superfamily. Their ectodomain is made of three Ig-like domains (V, C, C). This family comprises at least five members, namely nectin1, -2, -3, -4, and poliovirus receptor (PVR), that are involved in different physiological and pathological processes. (i) Nectins are adhesion(More)
Ectodermal dysplasias form a large disease family with more than 200 members. The combination of hair and tooth abnormalities, alopecia, and cutaneous syndactyly is characteristic of ectodermal dysplasia-syndactyly syndrome (EDSS). We used a homozygosity mapping approach to map the EDSS locus to 1q23 in a consanguineous Algerian family. By candidate gene(More)
The non-canonical Wnt/planar cell polarity (Wnt/PCP) pathway plays a crucial role in embryonic development. Recent work has linked defects of this pathway to breast cancer aggressiveness and proposed Wnt/PCP signalling as a therapeutic target. Here we show that the archetypal Wnt/PCP protein VANGL2 is overexpressed in basal breast cancers, associated with(More)
The capability of NK lymphocytes to kill tumor cells depends on different receptors/ligands interactions. In order to identify the cellular ligands recognized by "orphan" triggering receptors, mice were immunized with NK susceptible target cells. mAbs were selected that inhibited NK cytotoxicity and recognized two different molecules of 70 and 60-65 kDa.(More)
INTRODUCTION Breast cancer is a complex and heterogeneous disease at the molecular level. Evolution is difficult to predict according to classical histoclinical prognostic factors. Different studies highlight the importance of large-scale molecular expression analyses to improve taxonomy of breast cancer and prognostic classification. Identification of new(More)
The hypoxia-inducible factor HIF-1 is the key regulator in cellular adaptation to hypoxia. Acting through a complex pathway, interconnected with VHL and kinases, it regulates a large number of genes, such as those involved in erythropoiesis, glycolysis, pH regulation, and angiogenesis. Recently, a missense mutation [c.950C>G (p.Pro317Arg)] in the prolyl(More)