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NC-1 and HNK-1, two mouse monoclonal antibodies raised against quail ciliary ganglion and a human leukemic cell-line, respectively, were found to display the same pattern of reactivity. Species investigated included human, rodents, birds and amphibians. In 1- to 3-day-old avian embryos, migrating crest cells are stained, whereas in older animals(More)
Three transplantable nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tumors, designated C15, C17 and C18, have been obtained and characterized. C15, derived from a primary NPC tumor, has been propagated in nude mice for 30 passages. C17 and C18, derived from metastatic NPC tissue, have been passaged 10 times. Desmosomes, present in every case, provided confirmation of the(More)
Fascioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is an autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder linked to partial deletion of integral numbers of a 3.3 kb polymorphic repeat, D4Z4, within the subtelomeric region of chromosome 4q. Although the relationship between deletions of D4Z4 and FSHD is well established, how this triggers the disease remains unclear.(More)
The number of D4Z4 repeats in the subtelomeric region of chromosome 4q is strongly reduced in patients with Facio-Scapulo-Humeral Dystrophy (FSHD). We performed chromosome conformation capture (3C) analysis to document the interactions taking place among different 4q35 markers. We found that the reduced number of D4Z4 repeats in FSHD myoblasts was(More)
Cellular senescence is an irreversible proliferation arrest triggered by short chromosome telomeres, activated oncogenes, and cell stress and mediated by the pRB and p53 tumor suppressor pathways. One of the earliest steps in the senescence program is translocation of a histone chaperone, HIRA, into promyelocytic leukemia (PML) nuclear bodies. This(More)
Facio-scapulo-humeral dystrophy (FSHD), a muscular hereditary disease with a prevalence of 1 in 20,000, is caused by a partial deletion of a subtelomeric repeat array on chromosome 4q. Earlier, we demonstrated the existence in the vicinity of the D4Z4 repeat of a nuclear matrix attachment site, FR-MAR, efficient in normal human myoblasts and nonmuscular(More)
The antigen defined by a rat monoclonal antibody directed to a Burkitt lymphoma cell line was identified as globotriaosylceramide [Gal alpha (1 leads to 4)-Gal beta (1 leads to 4)-Glc beta (1 leads to 1)-ceramide]. The antibody demonstrated a strict steric specificity since it did not react with globoisotriaosylceramide [Gal alpha (1 leads to 3)-Gal beta (1(More)
Substrates of cyclin-cdk2 kinases contain two distinct primary sequence motifs: a cyclin-binding RXL motif and one or more phosphoacceptor sites (consensus S/TPXK/R or S/TP). To identify novel cyclin-cdk2 substrates, we searched the database for proteins containing both of these motifs. One such protein is human HIRA, the homologue of two cell(More)
Compartmentalization and compaction of DNA in the nucleus is the characteristic feature of eukaryotic cells. A fully extended DNA molecule has to be compacted 100,000 times to fit within the nucleus. At the same time it is critical that various DNA regions remain accessible for interaction with regulatory factors and transcription/replication factories.(More)
Chromosome conformation capture (3C) methodology was developed to study spatial organization of long genomic regions in living cells. Briefly, chromatin is fixed with formaldehyde in vivo to cross-link interacting sites, digested with a restriction enzyme and ligated at a low DNA concentration so that ligation between cross-linked fragments is favored over(More)