Marc Leonetti

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Stationary and nonstationary spatiotemporal pattern formations emerging from the cellular electric activity are a common feature of biological cells and tissues. The nonstationary ones are well explained in the framework of the cable model. Inversely, the formation of the widespread self-organized stationary patterns of transcellular ionic currents remains(More)
Simulations of biomembranes have gained an increasing interest in the past years. Speci-fities of these membranes propose new challenges for the numerics. In particular, vesicle dynamics are governed by bending forces as well as a surface incompressibility constraint. A method to compute the bending force density resultant onto piecewise linearly(More)
The competition between adhesion and external flow to unbind settled vesicles from substrates is investigated. An experimental setup is developed to apply a hydrodynamic pulling force in the range of a few piconewtons to a vesicle with retained axisymmetry. In the limit of a small excess of membrane area, vesicles are found to transit during unbinding from(More)
Destabilization of soft interfaces into thin cylindrical filaments under external stresses is ubiquitous and is generally the first step toward breakup. We show that such filaments, called tethers, emerge from a vesicle subjected to gravity. Contrary to the pendant drop experiment, we demonstrate that the bending rigidity, a specific membrane property of(More)
The complex processes underlying the generation of a coherent emission from the multiple scattering of photons and wave localization in the presence of structural disorder are still mostly unexplored. Here we show that a single nonlinear Schrödinger equation, playing the role of the Schwalow-Townes law for standard lasers, quantitatively reproduces(More)
Fucoid zygotes are model cells for the study of symmetry breaking in plants. After fertilization, their initial spherical symmetry reduces to an axial symmetry, even in the absence of any external cue. This indicates that zygotes have an intrinsic ability to break symmetry in a way that is solely dependent on their internal biochemical and/or biophysical(More)
We have investigated the effect of cholesterol and two abundant phytosterols (sitosterol and stigmasterol) on the voltage-dependent anion-selective channel (VDAC) purified from mitochondria of bean seeds (Phaseolus coccineus). These sterols differ by the degree of freedom of their lateral chain. We show that VDAC displays sensitivity to the lipid-sterol(More)
Electric behavior of biological cells is driven by ion transport through the membrane induced by specific proteins. The cable model classically describes the membrane potential dynamics by analogy with an electrical circuit. We show the failure of this description when the various ion species get different diffusion times. The pertinent parameter which(More)
The ability to self-assemble was evaluated for a large variety of amphiphilic block copolymers, including poly(ethyleneoxide-b-ε-caprolactone), poly(ethyleneoxide-b-d,l-lactide), poly(ethyleneoxide-b-styrene), poly(ethyleneoxide-b-butadiene) and poly(ethyleneoxide-b-methylmethacrylate). Different methods of formation are discussed, such as cosolvent(More)
Stationary spatiotemporal pattern formation emerging from the electric activity of biological membranes is widespread in cells and tissues. A known key instability comes from the self-aggregation of membrane channels. In a two-dimensional geometry, we show that the primary pattern undergoes four secondary instabilities: Eckhaus-like, period-halving, drift(More)