Learn More
We have determined the complete primary structure (13 637 bp) of the TL-region of Agrobacterium tumefaciens octopine plasmid pTiAch5 . This sequence comprises two small direct repeats which flank the TL-region at each extremity and are involved in the transfer and/or integration of this DNA segment in plants. TL-DNA specifies eight open-reading frames(More)
We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the gene for the crown gall enzyme, octopine synthase. The sequence was derived from cloned fragments of the Agrobacterium tumefaciens Ti plasmid Ach5. It displayed a continuous open reading frame encoding a polypeptide chain of 358 amino acids. The nucleotide positions corresponding to the 5' end and(More)
Five viruses causing colour-breaking of tulip flowers were isolated from tulips and lilies. Tulip-breaking virus (TBV), tulip top-breaking virus (TTBV), tulip band-breaking virus, Rembrandt tulip-breaking virus and lily mottle virus were all characterized as potyviruses by serology and potyvirus-specific PCR. Sequence analysis of amplified DNA fragments(More)
Six octopine tumour lines incited by pTiB6S3, pTiAch5 and pTiA6 on tobacco, Arabidopsis and Petunia were studied by the Southern blotting hybridisation technique in order to define accurately the dimensions of the segments of plasmid origin transferred to the tumourous cell and their organisation in the plant genome. Emphasis has been put on the comparison(More)
When aqueous solutions of polycations and polyanions are mixed, polyelectrolyte complexes form. These are usually insoluble in water, so that they separate out as a new concentrated polymer phase, called a complex coacervate. The behavior of these complexes is reviewed, with emphasis on new measurements that shed light on their structural and mechanical(More)
In this Letter we show that in the rheology of electrostatically assembled soft materials, salt concentration plays a similar role as temperature for polymer melts, and as strain rate for soft solids. We rescale linear and nonlinear rheological data of a set of model electrostatic complexes at different salt concentrations to access a range of time scales(More)
We report on the nonlinear rheology of a reversible supramolecular polymer based on hydrogen bonding. The coupling between the flow-induced chain alignment and breakage and recombination of bonds between monomers leads to a very unusual flow behavior. Measured velocity profiles indicate three different shear-banding regimes upon increasing shear rate, each(More)