Learn More
Pseudomonas fluorescens-mediated induction of systemic resistance in radish against fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp.raphani) was studied in a newly developed bioassay using a rockwool system. In this bioassay the pathogen and bacterium were confirmed to be confined to spatially separate locations on the plant root, throughout the experiment.(More)
We studied the effects of metabolic and respiratory acidosis (pH 7.20) and alkalosis (pH 7.60) on pulmonary vascular tone in 32 pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs ventilated with hyperoxia (inspired oxygen fraction, FIO2 0.40) and with hypoxia (FIO2 0.10). Ventilation, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (Ppw), and cardiac output (3 l.min-1.m-2) were maintained(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that administration of albumin to correct hypoalbuminemia might have beneficial effects on organ function in a mixed population of critically ill patients. DESIGN : Prospective, controlled, randomized study. SETTING Thirty-one-bed, mixed medicosurgical department of intensive care. PATIENTS All adult patients with a(More)
OBJECTIVE A release of nitric oxide has been incriminated in the cardiovascular alterations of septic shock. Since guanylate cyclase is the target enzyme in the endothelium-dependent relaxation mediated by nitric oxide, we studied the acute effects of methylene blue, a potent inhibitor of guanylate cyclase in patients with septic shock. DESIGN Prospective(More)
The effects of endothelin receptor blockade on the pulmonary circulation have been reported variably, possibly in relation to a more or less important associated release of endogenous nitric oxide (NO). The aim of this study was to test whether endothelin antagonism would inhibit hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, and if it would not, then would it do so(More)
Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) has been reported to improve survival in patients with the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, the effects of this pulmonary vasodilating compound on gas exchange have been little documented. We therefore measured hemodynamics, blood gases, and the distributions of ventilation-perfusion ratios (VA/Q), using the(More)
We tested the hypothesis that lower blood pressure and increased vasodilatation reported in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients with hemoglobin SS genotype (SS) are translated by lower arterial stiffness determined by pulse wave velocity (PWV) and wave reflections assessed by augmentation index (AI). We enrolled 20 SS (8 females; 12 male) patients closely(More)
To determine prognostic factors in patients with systemic rheumatic diseases admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and to examine whether the observed mortality rate is predicted using the Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Assessment II (APACHE II) score. Retrospective study with historical controls in a 31-bed medicosurgical ICU at a university(More)
Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) has been reported to decrease during severe hypoxia in isolated lungs, but it remains unknown whether this decrease occurs in the intact animal and how it is affected by cyclooxygenase inhibition. We investigated the HPV stimulus-response relationship in eight pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized intact dogs with a(More)
The time course of lactacidemia was studied prospectively in 17 patients during fluid resuscitation for an episode of noncardiogenic shock, in 5 patients after grand mal seizures, and in 5 patients after successful CPR for cardiac arrest. The 9 patients in whom shock was reversed with fluid administration demonstrated a regular decrease in lactate(More)