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With today's interest in novel renewable chemicals and polymers, the underexploited marine green algae belonging to species of Ulva and Entermorpha stimulated interest as sources of polysaccharides with innovative structure and functional properties. These algae are common on all seashores and can produce in time an important amount of biomass in(More)
Pectins are a highly complex family of cell wall polysaccharides. As a result of a lack of specific mutants, it has been difficult to study the biosynthesis of pectins and their role in vivo. We have isolated two allelic mutants, named quasimodo1 (qua1-1 and qua1-2), that are dwarfed and show reduced cell adhesion. Mutant cell walls showed a 25% reduction(More)
The GDP-D-mannose 3,5-epimerase (GME, EC 5.1.3.18), which converts GDP-d-mannose to GDP-l-galactose, is generally considered to be a central enzyme of the major ascorbate biosynthesis pathway in higher plants, but experimental evidence for its role in planta is lacking. Using transgenic tomato lines that were RNAi-silenced for GME, we confirmed that GME(More)
In order to obtain information on sugar sequences in the water soluble polysaccharides from Ulva "rigida", oligosaccharides were purified by anion exchange and gel permeation chromatography from the partial acid hydrolysate of the native or desulfated ulvan. The chemical structure and sugar sequence of these oligomers were determined by 1H and 13C NMR(More)
The chemical structure and the sequence of repeating units in ulvans of similar compositions from two different Ulva rigida samples collected in the Canary Islands and in Brittany were studied after ulvan-lyase degradation and NMR spectroscopic analysis of the reaction products. Both ulvans were composed of ulvanobiuronic acid 3-sulfate type A(More)
The seasonal variability in the extraction yield, physicochemical characteristics, and rheological properties of ulvan from two Ulva species contributing to Brittany "green tides" has been studied. These seaweeds were collected in the water column for Ulva armoricana Dion, de Reviers et Coat and on hard substrata for Ulva rotundata Bliding. The maximum(More)
The wide uses of the algal galactans agar, agarose and carrageenans arebased on their unique properties to form strong gels in aqueous solutions. These gels result from peculiar regular chemical structures, specific orderedmolecular conformations and aggregations. In recent years, newmethodologies and instruments have provided a more accurate view of(More)
Advances in the chemistry and physico-chemical properties of agar since the review of Araki at the Fifth International Seaweed Symposium in 1965 are discussed. These advances are essentially the result of better separation techniques of the heterogeneous family of polysaccharides known as agar, the use of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, the use of(More)
A marine bacterium degrading the water-soluble cell wall polysaccharides from Ulva sp. (ulvan) has been isolated. The good correlation between ulvan degradation monitored by reducing-power, UV absorbance and viscosimetry, indicated that the crude enzymatic extract contains essentially an endo-ulvan lyase activity. This activity was rapidly inhibited by the(More)
The sugar determination of ulvans, the water-soluble polysaccharides from Ulva sp. and Enteromorpha sp., was optimized by combining partial acid prehydrolysis (2 mol L-1 trifluoroacetic acid, 120°C) with enzymic hydrolysis (with β-D-glucuronidase). The different constitutive sugars (rhamnose, galactose, glucose, xylose, glucuronic acid), released after(More)