Marc L. Hyer

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PURPOSE Small-molecule inhibitors of Aurora A (AAK) and B (ABK) kinases, which play important roles in mitosis, are currently being pursued in oncology clinical trials. We developed three novel assays to quantitatively measure biomarkers of AAK inhibition in vivo. Here, we describe preclinical characterization of alisertib (MLN8237), a selective AAK(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL or Apo2L) has been shown to induce apoptosis specifically in cancer cells while sparing normal tissues. Unfortunately not all cancer cells respond to TRAIL; therefore, TRAIL sensitizing agents are currently being explored. We have identified synthetic triterpenoids, including(More)
Fas (CD95/APO-1) is a 45-kDa type I transmembrane protein belonging to the tumor necrosis factor superfamily of receptors (1, 2). Fas was identified in 1989 as a cell death inducer of malignant human cancer and leukemia cell lines (3, 4). Fas contains a classic ‘‘death domain’’ within its cytosolic tail, typical of a branch of the tumor necrosis factor(More)
Synthetic triterpenoids 2-cyano-3, 12-dioxooleana-1, 9-(11)-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO) and CDDO-Me (CDDO-methyl ester) have entered clinical trials for cancer. We determined that CDDO analogues at submicromolar concentrations induce apoptosis of cultured prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP, ALVA31, Du145, PC3, and PPC1, with lethal dose 50% approximately 1(More)
Aurora A kinase is a serine/threonine protein kinase responsible for regulating several mitotic processes including centrosome separation, spindle assembly, and chromosome segregation. Small molecule inhibitors of Aurora A kinase are being pursued as novel anticancer agents, some of which have entered clinical trials. Despite the progress in developing(More)
We explored the location and function of the human cIAP1 protein, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family. Unlike family member X-linked IAP (XIAP), which was predominantly cytoplasmic, the cIAP1 protein localized almost exclusively to nuclei in cells, as determined by immunofluorescence microscopy and subcellular fractionation methods.(More)
As of January 2005, there were 1020 gene therapy clinical trials ongoing worldwide with 675 or 66.2% devoted to cancer gene therapy. The majority are occurring in the US and Europe ( At the present time, to our knowledge there are no trials that employ gene delivery of Fas Ligand (FasL). As an important note,(More)
Several laboratories have attempted with little success to induce Fas-mediated apoptosis in prostate cancer (PCa) cells, using different external Fas agonists, i.e., anti-Fas antibodies and membrane-bound FasL. The present study confirms these earlier results using the anti-Fas antibody CH-11 in five human PCa cell lines (PPC-1, LNCaP, PC-3, TSU-Pr1, and(More)
Although DU145 prostate cancer cells are resistant to exogenously applied Fas agonist CH-11 (anti-Fas monoclonal antibody), Fas-resistance can be overcome using a FasL expressing adenovirus (AdGFPFasL(TET)) [Hyer et al., Molecular Therapy, 2000; 2:348-58 (ref.12)]. The purpose of this study was to try to understand why DU145 cells are resistant to CH-11 and(More)
Inducing Fas-mediated apoptosis in prostate cancer (PCa) is a promising new therapeutic approach with the potential to overcome delivery issues currently problematic in cancer gene therapy. We have previously demonstrated that a Fas Ligand (FasL) expressing adenovirus (AdGFPFasLTET) was able to induce Fas-mediated apoptosis in a panel of PCa cell lines(More)