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Random numbers are essential for applications ranging from secure communications to numerical simulation and quantitative finance. Algorithms can rapidly produce pseudo-random outcomes, series of numbers that mimic most properties of true random numbers while quantum random number generators (QRNGs) exploit intrinsic quantum randomness to produce true(More)
We demonstrate a high bit-rate quantum random number generator by interferometric detection of phase diffusion in a gain-switched DFB laser diode. Gain switching at few-GHz frequencies produces a train of bright pulses with nearly equal amplitudes and random phases. An unbalanced Mach-Zehnder interferometer is used to interfere subsequent pulses and thereby(More)
We present a simple but highly efficient source of polarization-entangled photons based on spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC) in bulk periodically poled potassium titanyl phosphate crystals (PPKTP) pumped by a 405 nm laser diode. Utilizing one of the highest available nonlinear(More)
We demonstrate a compact, robust, and highly efficient source of polarization-entangled photons, based on linear bi-directional down-conversion in a novel 'folded sandwich' configuration. Bi-directionally pumping a single periodically poled KTiOPO(4) (ppKTP) crystal with a 405-nm laser diode, we generate entangled photon pairs at the non-degenerate(More)
We introduce a new image cytometer design for the detection of very small particulates and demonstrate its capability in water analysis. The device is a compact microscope composed of off-the-shelf components, such as a light emitting diode (LED) source, a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor, and a specific combination of optical(More)
We report on an 100 MHz repetition rate integrated photonic transmitter at 850 nm with arbitrary amplitude and polarization modulation. The source is suitable for free-space quantum communication links, in particular for quantum key distribution applications. The whole transmitter, with the optical and electronic components integrated, has reduced size and(More)
Marcos Curty, Marc Jofre, Valerio Pruneri, and Morgan W. Mitchell 1 Escuela de Ingenieŕıa de Telecomunicación, Department of Signal Theory and Communications, University of Vigo, Campus Universitario, 36310 Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain 2 ICFO-Institut de Ciències Fotòniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, 08860 Castelldefels, Barcelona, Spain 3 ICREA-Institució(More)
Optical beam steering is a key element in many industrial and scientific applications like in material processing, information technologies, medical imaging and laser display. Even though galvanometer-based scanners offer flexibility, speed and accuracy at a relatively low cost, they still lack the necessary control over the polarization required for(More)