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Estrogen and progestin receptors (ER, PgR) play a critical role in the regulation of neuroendocrine functions in females. The neuroanatomical distribution of the recently cloned, ER beta, overlaps with both ER alpha and PgR. To determine whether ER beta is found within ER alpha- or PgR-containing neurons in female rat, we used dual label(More)
Vaginal-cervical stimulation (VCS), provided by mating or manual probing, induces many reproductive behavioral and endocrine changes in female rats. These changes include an increase in lordosis duration, heat termination and pseudopregnancy. Electrophysiological and [14C]2-deoxy-D-glucose studies collectively show that neurons in the medial preoptic area,(More)
Steroid hormones influence a variety of neuroendocrine events, including brain development, sexual differentiation and reproduction. Hormones elicit many of these effects by binding to neuronal steroid receptors, which are members of a nuclear receptor superfamily of transcriptional activators. However, the mechanisms by which activated steroid receptors(More)
Gonadal steroid hormones act in the brain to elicit changes in gene expression that result in profound effects on behavior and physiology. A variety of in vitro studies indicate that nuclear receptor coactivators are required for efficient transcriptional activity of steroid receptors. Two nuclear receptor coactivators, steroid receptor coactivator-1(More)
Stimulation of the vagina and cervix, by mating or manual probing, elicits many behavioral and endocrine changes associated with female reproduction in rats. We and others have identified neurons in the medial preoptic area, medial division of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, posterodorsal portion of the medial amygdala, ventromedial hypothalamus,(More)
Gonadal steroid hormones act throughout the body to elicit changes in gene expression that result in profound effects on reproductive physiology and behavior. Steroid hormones exert many of these effects by binding to their respective intracellular receptors, which are members of a nuclear receptor superfamily of transcriptional activators. A variety of in(More)
The ovarian hormones, estradiol (E) and progesterone (P) facilitate the expression of sexual behavior in female rats. E and P mediate many of these behavioral effects by binding to their respective intracellular receptors in specific brain regions. Nuclear receptor coactivators, including Steroid Receptor Coactivator-1 (SRC-1) and CREB Binding Protein(More)
Seasonal changes in the neuroendocrine actions of gonadal steroid hormones are triggered by fluctuations in daylength. The mechanisms responsible for photoperiodic influences upon the feedback and behavioral effects of testosterone in Siberian hamsters are poorly understood. We hypothesized that daylength regulates the expression of androgen receptor (AR)(More)
In humans, anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use has been associated with hyperactivity and disruption of circadian rhythmicity. We used an animal model to determine the impact of AAS on the development and expression of circadian function. Beginning on day 68 gonadally intact male rats received testosterone, nandrolone, or stanozolol via constant release(More)
Stimulation of the vagina and cervix, provided by the male during copulation or manually with a probe, causes many behavioral and endocrine changes associated with female reproduction in rats. Previously, we found that vaginal-cervical stimulation (VCS), by mating or manual probing, increases the expression of Fos-immunoreactivity (Fos-IR) in discrete(More)