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Authors/Task Force Members: Nazzareno Galie (Chairperson) (Italy) ; Marius M. Hoeper (Germany); Marc Humbert (France); Adam Torbicki (Poland); Jean-Luc Vachiery (France); Joan Albert Barbera (Spain); Maurice Beghetti (Switzerland); Paul Corris (UK); Sean Gaine (Ireland); J. Simon Gibbs (UK); Miguel Angel Gomez-Sanchez (Spain); Guillaume Jondeau (France);(More)
Non-thrombotic PE does not represent a distinct clinical syndrome. It may be due to a variety of embolic materials and result in a wide spectrum of clinical presentations, making the diagnosis difficult. With the exception of severe air and fat embolism, the haemodynamic consequences of non-thrombotic emboli are usually mild. Treatment is mostly supportive(More)
Guidelines summarize and evaluate all available evidence on a particular issue at the time of the writing process, with the aim of assisting health professionals in selecting the best management strategies for an individual patient with a given condition, taking into account the impact on outcome, as well as the risk-benefit ratio of particular diagnostic(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has a multifactorial pathobiology. Vasoconstriction, remodeling of the pulmonary vessel wall, and thrombosis contribute to increased pulmonary vascular resistance in PAH. The process of pulmonary vascular remodeling involves all layers of the vessel wall and is complicated by cellular heterogeneity within each(More)
RATIONALE Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an orphan disease for which the trend is for management in designated centers with multidisciplinary teams working in a shared-care approach. OBJECTIVE To describe clinical and hemodynamic parameters and to provide estimates for the prevalence of patients diagnosed for PAH according to a standardized(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with severe persistent asthma who are inadequately controlled despite Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) 2002 step 4 therapy are a challenging population with significant unmet medical need. We determined the effect of omalizumab on clinically significant asthma exacerbations (requiring systemic corticosteroids) in the first omalizumab(More)
BACKGROUND Most patients with familial primary pulmonary hypertension have defects in the gene for bone morphogenetic protein receptor II (BMPR2), a member of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) superfamily of receptors. Because patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia may have lung disease that is indistinguishable from primary(More)
BACKGROUND Novel therapies have recently become available for pulmonary arterial hypertension. We conducted a study to characterize mortality in a multicenter prospective cohort of patients diagnosed with idiopathic, familial, or anorexigen-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension in the modern management era. METHODS AND RESULTS Between October 2002(More)
Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) must be referred to expert centers (reference center and competences centers in the French PAH network). Despite progresses in the knowledge of PAH pathophysiology, it is still a devastating disease needing an aggressive approach of therapy to improve long-term outcomes. The target of current therapies is(More)