Marc H. Hedrick

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Future cell-based therapies such as tissue engineering will benefit from a source of autologous pluripotent stem cells. For mesodermal tissue engineering, one such source of cells is the bone marrow stroma. The bone marrow compartment contains several cell populations, including mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that are capable of differentiating into(More)
Much of the work conducted on adult stem cells has focused on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) found within the bone marrow stroma. Adipose tissue, like bone marrow, is derived from the embryonic mesenchyme and contains a stroma that is easily isolated. Preliminary studies have recently identified a putative stem cell population within the adipose stromal(More)
Our laboratory has recently characterized a population of cells from adipose tissue, termed processed lipoaspirate (PLA) cells, which have multi-lineage potential similar to bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). This study is the first comparison of PLA cells and MSCs isolated from the same patient. No significant differences were observed for(More)
Tissue engineering offers considerable promise in the repair or replacement of diseased and/or damaged tissues. The cellular component of this regenerative approach will play a key role in bringing these tissue engineered constructs from the laboratory bench to the clinical bedside. However, the ideal source of cells still remains unclear and may differ(More)
Adipose tissue can be harvested in large amounts with minimal morbidity. It contains numerous cells types, including adipocytes, preadipocytes, vascular endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells; it also contains cells that have the ability to differentiate into several lineages, such as fat, bone, cartilage, skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle,(More)
Multipotential processed lipoaspirate (PLA) cells extracted from five human infrapatellar fat pads and embedded into fibrin glue nodules, were induced into the chondrogenic phenotype using chondrogenic media. The remaining cells were placed in osteogenic media and were transfected with an adenovirus carrying the cDNA for bone morphogenetic protein-2(More)
Human processed lipoaspirate (PLA) cells are multipotent stem cells, capable of differentiating into multiple mesenchymal lineages (bone, cartilage, fat, and muscle). To date, differentiation to nonmesodermal fates has not been reported. This study demonstrates that PLA cells can be induced to differentiate into early neural progenitors, which are of an(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta1, -beta2, and -beta3) has been implicated in the ontogenetic transition from scarless fetal repair to adult repair with scar. Generally, TGF-beta exerts its effects through type I and II receptors; however, TGF-beta modulators such as latent TGF-beta binding protein-1 (LTBP-1), decorin, biglycan, and fibromodulin(More)
PURPOSE We have isolated pluripotent mesenchymal progenitor cells in large numbers from liposuction aspirates (processed lipoaspirate cells or PLAs). This study examines the osteogenic potential of PLAs and bone marrow aspirate cells (BMAs), when exposed to either recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 (rh-BMP-2) or adenovirus containing BMP-2(More)
The eventual development of tissue-engineered fat equivalents for reconstructive and augmentation purposes will be most welcome by nearly every surgical discipline and prove to be especially useful for plastic surgeons. The clinical applications for which tissue-engineered fat will be particularly useful are vast and varied and can be loosely categorized(More)