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Considerable evidence exists that the limbic system and the hypothalamus play an important role in the HPA axis disturbances found in depressive disorders. Evidence also exists that the limbic system plays a role in the modulation of aggressive behavior. Yet the HPA function of individuals with a disordered regulation of aggression has received little(More)
An alcohol withdrawal syndrome characterized by the successive appearance of hyperactivity and tremors, muscle spasticity and, in some animals, generalized convulsions was induced in rats. It was obtained by the administration to rats whose weight had been previously reduced, of a liquid diet containing 45% of alcohol for a period of 3 weeks. The(More)
Numerous attempts have been made to subdivide populations of alcoholics into homogeneous subgroups. Although no consensus has been reached about the characteristics of these subgroups, a number of classification schemes have identified a subgroup of patients with a high genetic loading for alcoholism, an early onset of alcoholism, a severe course, and(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if cerebral blood flow (CBF) alterations are associated with discontinuation of heroin in chronic heroin users, and whether these alterations are reversible during abstinence. Ten physically healthy opioid-dependent males, hospitalized on an inpatient drug rehabilitation unit, were studied. Each patient had an(More)
We report on the neuroendocrine and psychological responsivity of 31 cocaine addicts and 14 controls to the serotonergic agonist, meta-chlorophenylpiperazine (m-CPP) (0.5 mg/kg p.o.). Cocaine addicts were subdivided into subjects with aggressive tendencies and other features similar to those found in type 2 alcoholics and subjects without these features.(More)
Alcoholics who start abusing alcohol early in life have been found to exhibit problems with mood and aggression control more frequently than patients with a later onset of alcoholism. Because alcohol preference and consumption, as well as mood and aggression regulation, are believed to be influenced by serotonin, relationships between tryptophan(More)
BACKGROUND Preclinical studies have shown that cocaine produces alterations in serotonergic function but our knowledge of the serotonergic alterations due to cocaine abuse in humans is still fragmentary. We therefore assessed the central serotonergic responsivity of cocaine addicts and control subjects by neuroendocrine challenges with the serotonin(More)
A single blind trial and a placebo controlled double blind trial of lithium were carried out in elderly patients with tardive dyskinesia. In the pilot study, neuroleptics were continued: in the controlled trial, neuroleptics were discontinued. The results of both studies were essentially negative. Thus, the suppression effect of neuroleptics is much more(More)
Many studies support a significant relation between low cholesterol levels and poor impulse, aggression and mood control. Evidence exists also for a causal link between low brain serotonin (5-HT) activity and these behaviors. Mechanisms linking cholesterol and hostile or self-destructive behavior are unknown, but it has been suggested that low cholesterol(More)
The temporal organization of melatonin and cortisol secretion were studied in depressed patients in order to investigate a possible relationship between the secretory patterns of the two hormones. Women who suffered from a primary affective disorder were studied twice as inpatients, the first time during the depressive episode and the second time after(More)