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There is a lack of knowledge to identify and classify forest structures according to the risk of crown fires, especially in Mediterranean regions. In this study, for the first time, we use real information, obtained after a wildfire that burnt under extreme meteorological conditions, to classify forest structures of Pinus halepensis into fuel types as a(More)
Fertilized chicken eggs were incubated for 48 hours while exposed to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELMF) of 10 Hz, 100 Hz and 1000 Hz with intensities of 0.12, 1.2 and 12 micro T. Gross morphological and histological analysis of the exposed embryos revealed the following effects: (1) ELMF of 100 Hz/1.2 micro T had the most consistent and powerful(More)
Mediterranean semi-arid forest ecosystems are especially sensitive to external forcing. An understanding of the relationship between forest carbon (C) stock, and environmental conditions and forest structure enable prediction of the impacts of climate change on C stocks and help to define management strategies that maximize the value of forests for C(More)
Over the past century, major shifts in the geographic distribution of tree species have occurred in response to changes in land use and climate. We analyse species distribution and abundance from about 33 000 forest inventory plots in Spain sampled twice over a period of 10-12 years. We show a dominance of range contraction (extinction), and demographic(More)
Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and noncontact tapping mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) have been employed to study on a local scale the structural and, for the first time, the chemical changes of carbon black (CB) particles following plasma oxidation. STM imaging of the pristine, untreated particles revealed a relatively ordered structure of tiny(More)
A series of Fe-Ce mixed oxides (95 atom % Fe-5 atom % Ce) has been prepared by different methods: coprecipitation, impregnation, and physical mixture of Ce and Fe oxides. These solids have been tested in the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The characterization of the catalytic precursors was carried out by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman, Mössbauer, and X-ray(More)
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