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Radioiodinated recombinant human interleukin DA (HILDA)/leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) purified from conditioned medium of Chinese hamster ovary transfected cells enabled the identification of specific receptor sites on a variety of human cell types. Using low concentrations (up to 500 pM) of the ligand iodinated at a high specific radioactivity, high(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) have been shown to be efficient antigen-presenting cells (APC) and, as such, could be considered ideal candidates for cancer immunotherapy. Immature DC (iDC) efficiently capture surrounding antigens; however, only mature DC (mDC) prime naive T lymphocytes. Clinical trials using DC-based tumor vaccines have achieved encouraging, but(More)
Calcium is involved in several steps of the apoptotic process. In nuclei, endonucleases are presumed to be the main targets of calcium; however, little is known about its role during the cytosolic phase of apoptosis. We used a cell-free system to address this question. Our results show that CaCl2 triggered nuclear apoptosis (i.e. typical morphological(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are activated by pathogens, cytokines and activated T cells. We investigated the impact of a transient initial DC stimulation on the kinetics of maturation using a combination of double-stranded RNA and TNFalpha and subsequent restimulation by T cell-derived stimuli. Transient stimulation of DC was sufficient to start an irreversible(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells involved in the control and initiation of immune responses. In vivo, DCs exposed at the periphery to maturation stimuli migrate to lymph nodes, where they receive secondary signals from CD4+ T helper cells. These DCs become able to initiate CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses. However,(More)
Epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation or histone deacetylation, are early events in cell tumorigenesis. The consequences of these modifications are repression of gene transcription and, notably, of tumor suppressor gene transcription. New therapeutic strategies aim to 'normalize' the epigenetic status of cancer cells. Histone deacetylase(More)
PURPOSE Malignant mesothelioma is a highly aggressive tumor and is often diagnosed too late for a curative treatment. We compared diagnostic and prognostic values of mesothelin and osteopontin in 172 patients suspected of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and in a control group of 112 asymptomatic asbestos-exposed subjects. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma is a challenging issue. Potential markers in mesothelioma diagnosis include soluble mesothelin-related peptides (SMRPs) and osteopontin, but no subsequent validation has been published yet. METHODS We prospectively evaluated SMRPs in serum and pleural effusion from patients with mesothelioma (n = 74),(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an intracellular enzyme that degrades heme and inhibits immune responses and inflammation in vivo. In most cell types, HO-1 is inducible by inflammatory stimuli and oxidative stress. Here we demonstrate that human monocyte-derived immature dendritic cells (iDCs) and several but not all freshly isolated rat splenic DC subsets and(More)