Marc Gottschling

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Secondary structure models of the 5.8S rRNA and both internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2) are proposed for Calciodinelloideae (Peridiniaceae) and are also plausible for other dinoflagellates. The secondary structure of the 5.8S rRNA corresponds to previously developed models, with two internal paired regions and at least one 5.8S rRNA-28S rRNA(More)
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) infect cutaneous and mucosal epithelia and induce benign and malignant lesions. Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), encompassing basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), is the most frequent cancer in the Caucasian population, and the incidence has increased dramatically worldwide. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a(More)
Floral morphology, distribution, and flower visitors for 60 taxa of Nasa are investigated and compared to molecular trees inferred both from a combined marker analysis (ITS1 and trnL (UAA)) and from a single marker (ITS1). Flowers conform to two different floral types: Firstly, "tilt-revolver flowers", with spreading to reflexed, white to yellow petals and(More)
A significant fraction of human cancers is associated with infections by different papillomaviruses (PVs). In other vertebrates, the presence of specific PVs is also associated with different neoplasias. The popular view of PVs conceives them to be largely static and relies on generalized assumptions that have rarely been rigorously tested such as:(More)
Phylogenetic relationships are complex within the Lithospermeae, a large subgroup of the Boraginaceae s.str. The relationships of New World Lasiarrhenum, Macromeria, Nomosa, Onosmodium, Perittostoma, and Psilolaemus to subcosmopolitan and much larger Lithospermum have not been critically investigated in the recent past. No molecular data on the phylogeny of(More)
Carcinogenesis is a multi-step process resulting from the accumulation of genetic mutations and subsequently leading to dysregulated genes, but the number and identity of differentially expressed genes in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is unknown at present. In order to identify dysregulated genes, we examined the relative mRNA expression present(More)
Viral warts from immunosuppressed organ transplant recipients (OTR) persist over years and may progress into non-melanoma skin cancer. The types of human papillomaviruses (HPV) in such lesions are different from that seen in the general population. A subset of these lesions is not infected with the classical wart-associated HPV types. In order to gain a(More)
Despite a growing knowledge about the biological diversity of papillomaviruses (PV), only little is known about non-human PV in general and about PV mice models in particular. We cloned and sequenced the complete genomes of two novel PV types from the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus; RnPV2) and the wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus; AsPV1) as well as a novel(More)
The associations between pathogens and their hosts are complex and can result from a variety of evolutionary processes including codivergence, lateral transfer, or duplication. Papillomaviruses (PVs) are double-stranded DNA viruses ubiquitously present in mammals and are a suitable target for rigorous statistical tests of potential virus-host codivergence.(More)
The circular, double-stranded 8-kb DNA genome of papillomaviruses (PVes) consists mainly of 4 large genes, E1, E2, L2, and L1. Approximately 150 papillomavirus genomes have been sequenced to date. We analyzed a representative sample of 53 PVes genomes using maximum likelihood, Bayesian inference, maximum parsimony, and distance-based methods both on(More)