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The mechanism by which the bradycardiac agent UL-FS 49 blocks the if pacemaker current was investigated in sheep Purkinje fibres using the two microelectrode voltage-clamp technique. If was activated by 1 s pulses applied between -30 mV and -120 mV at 0.4 Hz in a modified Tyrode solution containing BaCl2 and MnCl2, and with TRIS replacing most of the Na+.(More)
We present a study on the binding properties of the bovine profilin isoforms to both phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and proline-rich peptides derived from vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) and cyclase-associated protein (CAP). Using microfiltration, we show that compared with profilin II, profilin I has a higher affinity for PIP2.(More)
We studied the effect of mutations in an alpha-helical region of actophorin (residues 91-108) on F-actin and PIP(2) binding. As in cofilin, residues in the NH(2)-terminal half of this region are involved in F-actin binding. We show here also that basic residues in the COOH-terminal half of the region participate in this interaction whereby we extend the(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy was shown to reverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). However, the prediction of benefit is controversial. We aimed to investigate predictive factors of LV functional recovery and reversed remodeling after biventricular pacing. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty-nine(More)
The blocking effect of the NH2-terminal decapeptide of alpha-smooth muscle (SM) actin AcEEED-STALVC on the binding of the specific monoclonal antibody anti-alpha SM-1 (Skalli, O., P. Ropraz, A. Trzeviak, G. Benzonana, D. Gillessen, and G. Gabbiani. 1986. J. Cell Biol. 103:2787-2796) was compared with that of synthetic peptides modified by changing the(More)
Cofilin is representative for a family of low molecular weight actin filament binding and depolymerizing proteins. Recently the three-dimensional structure of yeast cofilin and of the cofilin homologs destrin and actophorin were resolved, and a striking similarity to segments of gelsolin and related proteins was observed (Hatanaka, H., Ogura, K., Moriyama,(More)
In mouse dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons the activation curve of the hyperpolarization-activated current (Ih) shifted towards depolarized potentials when cAMP was present in the pipette. The relation between the midpoint potential and cAMP concentration could be described by a Hill function with a half-maximal concentration of 0.55 microM cAMP,(More)
The actin-binding protein villin induces microvillus growth and reorganization of the cytoskeleton in cells that do not normally produce this protein. Transfection of mutagenized villin cDNAs into CV-1 cells was used to show that a conserved, COOH-terminally located cluster of charged amino acid residues (KKEK) is crucial for the morphogenic activity of(More)
1. The sinus node inhibitors UL FS 49 and DK-AH 269 reduce heart rate by slowing diastolic depolarization rate in the sino-atrial (SA) node, which might originate from the use-dependent blockade of a hyperpolarization-activated current If. A hyperpolarization-activated current Ih, which is present in many types of neurons, is similar to If. We studied the(More)
The Dutch (E22Q) and Flemish (A21G) mutations in the betaAPP region of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) are associated with familial forms of Alzheimer dementia. However, patients with these mutations express substantially different clinical phenotypes. Therefore, secondary structure and cytotoxic effects of the three Abeta(12-42) variants [wild-type(More)