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The full spectrum of skin diseases related to travel in tropical areas is unknown. We prospectively studied 269 consecutive patients with travel-associated dermatosis who presented to our tropical disease unit in Paris during a 2-year period. The median age of these patients was 30 years; 137 patients were male; 76% of the patients were tourists; 38% had(More)
The intracellular protozoan Plasmodium sp induces a complex immune response which sometimes implies serious pathological effects for the host. According to in vitro studies and epidemiological surveys, several effector mechanisms are displayed against plasmodial blood stages and a large interaction between humoral and cell-mediated immunity is presumed to(More)
We performed a postmortem morphometric study in six AIDS patients and six controls to determine if a neocortical neuronal loss occurs in HIV-1-associated cognitive/motor complex. Patients were selected during a prospective study including psychometric evaluation and neuroimaging, and none had focal lesions. Two had HIV-1-associated myelopathy with mild(More)
Penicillium marneffei, a dimorphic fungus that is endemic in southeast Asia, causes deep-seated infection in humans and rodents. About 20 cases have been reported among the local populations of China, Thailand, and Hong Kong, and 35 cases have now been described in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We present a review of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the epidemiological, clinical, and biological features of imported and autochthonous kala-azar in France. DESIGN Prospective survey of all patients in France with kala-azar diagnosed over the two years 1986-7. Information was obtained from parasitology laboratories in regional hospitals and all hospital laboratories and haematology(More)
Nine isolates of HIV-1 obtained from Congolese AIDS patients were amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using primer pairs and oligomer probes derived from the HIV-1 LAV-BRU (BRU) sequence. When compared to BRU, two isolates exhibited a significant decrease of PCR efficiency with a given primer pair. Moreover, the DNA amplified from two other(More)
A study was conducted between 1993 and 1996 in Bamako to determine the rate of occurrence of microsporidia in 88 patients. Most (80%) had chronic diarrhea associated with weight loss and 87.5% were HIV-positive. Intestinal microsporidia were detected in 32% of the patients infected with HIV-1, HIV-2, or coinfected with both strains. Microsporidiosis was(More)
Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Enterocytozoon salmonis are reported in HIV-infected patients and in salmonid fish, respectively. Both species share the early development of the extrusion apparatus of the spores, which is completed prior to fission of the sporogonic syncytium into sporoblasts, and the early synthesis of polar tube constituents, but they differ(More)