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Pygo and BCL9/Legless transduce the Wnt signal by promoting the transcriptional activity of beta-catenin/Armadillo in normal and malignant cells. We show that human and Drosophila Pygo PHD fingers associate with their cognate HD1 domains from BCL9/Legless to bind specifically to the histone H3 tail methylated at lysine 4 (H3K4me). The crystal structures of(More)
The Wnt signaling pathway controls numerous cell fates in animal development and is also a major cancer pathway. Dishevelled (Dvl) transduces the Wnt signal by interacting with the cytoplasmic Axin complex. Dvl and Axin each contain a DIX domain whose molecular properties and structure are unknown. Here, we demonstrate that the DIX domain of Dvl2 mediates(More)
High-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are major etiological agents of cervical cancer. Despite excellent epidemiological evidence for a direct role of HPV-16 in cervical carcinogenesis, molecular pathways underlying carcinogenesis in vivo remain obscure. The E7 gene is required for immortalization and maintenance of the transformed phenotype in vitro;(More)
Wnt/β-catenin signaling controls numerous steps in normal animal development and can also cause cancer if inappropriately activated. In the absence of Wnt, β-catenin is targeted continuously for proteasomal degradation by the Axin destruction complex, whose activity is blocked upon Wnt stimulation by Dishevelled, which recruits Axin to the plasma membrane(More)
E7 is the major oncoprotein of high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPV) which causes cervical cancer. To date E7 oncoproteins have not been investigated in cervical adenocarcinoma. In this study we generated a rabbit monoclonal anti-HPV-16 E7 antibody, RabMab42-3, which recognizes a conformational epitope in the E7 carboxy-terminal zinc-finger resulting in a(More)
APC mutations cause activation of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, which invariably leads to colorectal cancer. Similarly, overexpressed Dvl proteins are potent activators of beta-catenin signaling. Screening a large tissue microarray of different staged colorectal tumors by immunohistochemistry, we found that Dvl2 has a strong tendency to be overexpressed in(More)
The Zn-coordinated PHD fingers of Pygopus (Pygo) proteins are critical for beta-catenin-dependent transcriptional switches in normal and malignant tissues. They bind to methylated histone H3 tails, assisted by their BCL9 co-factors whose homology domain 1 (HD1) binds to the rear PHD surface. Although histone-binding residues are identical between the two(More)
Pyruvate kinase M2 (M2-PK) controls the rate-limiting step at the end of the glycolytic pathway in normal proliferating and tumor cells. Other functions of M2-PK in addition to its role in glycolysis are little understood. The aim of this study was to identify new cellular interaction partners of M2-PK in order to discover novel links between M2-PK and(More)
Dishevelled relays Wnt signals from the plasma membrane to different cytoplasmic effectors. Its signalling activity depends on its DIX domain, which undergoes head-to-tail polymerization to assemble signalosomes. The DIX domain is ubiquitinated in vivo at multiple lysines, which can be antagonized by various deubiquitinases (DUBs) including the CYLD tumour(More)