Marc E. Lalande

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We have identified three C/D-box small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) and one H/ACA-box snoRNA in mouse and human. In mice, all four snoRNAs (MBII-13, MBII-52, MBII-85, and MBI-36) are exclusively expressed in the brain, unlike all other known snoRNAs. Two of the human RNA orthologues (HBII-52 and HBI-36) share this expression pattern, and the remainder, HBII-13(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a neurogenetic disorder that results from the absence of a normal paternal contribution to the 15q11-13 region. The clinical manifestations of PWS are a transient severe hypotonia in the newborn period, with mental retardation, hypogonadism and obesity observed later in development. Five transcripts with exclusive expression(More)
Angelman syndrome (AS), characterized by mental retardation, seizures, frequent smiling and laughter, and abnormal gait, is one of the best examples of human disease in which genetic imprinting plays a role. In about 70% of cases, AS is caused by de novo maternal deletions at 15q11-q13 (ref. 2). Approximately 2% of AS cases are caused by paternal(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex neurogenetic disorder. The phenotype is likely to be a contiguous gene syndrome involving genes which are paternally expressed only, located in the human 15q11-q13 region. Four mouse models of PWS have been reported but these do not definitively allow the delineation of the critical region and the associated genes(More)
Fifteen human X-chromosome-specific DNA fragments, localized to particular regions of that chromosome, were used to search for restriction fragment length polymorphisms. A screening panel prepared by digesting DNA from only two females and one male with 24 restriction enzymes was sufficient to reveal two-allele polymorphisms among one-third of the probes(More)
Many Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and Angelman syndrome (AS) patients have a cytogenetic deletion of 15q11q13. While AS and PWS share a similar cytogenetic anomaly, they have very different clinical phenotypes. DNAs from 4 AS patients were examined using 5 chromosome 15q11q13-specific cloned DNA segments. With the present level of resolution, the molecular(More)
1. Wadman, M. Nature published online, doi:10.1038/473015a (3 May 2011). 2. Obama, B. Removing barriers to responsible scientific research involving human stem cells. Executive Order 13505 (9 March 2009). 3. Sudman, S. & Bradburn, n. Response Effects in Surveys (Aldine, Chicago; 1974). 4. Evans, M.D.R. & Kelley, J. Australian Economy and Society 2002:(More)
Angelman syndrome (AS) and Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are neurodevelopmental disorders of genomic imprinting. AS results from loss of function of the ubiquitin protein ligase E3A (UBE3A) gene, whereas the genetic defect in PWS is unknown. Although induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provide invaluable models of human disease, nuclear reprogramming could(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is the most common form of dysmorphic genetic obesity associated with mental retardation. About 60% of cases have a cytological deletion of chromosome 15q11q13 (refs 2, 3). These deletions occur de novo exclusively on the paternal chromosome. By contrast, Angelman syndrome (AS) is a very different clinical disorder and is also(More)