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In this work, UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), UGT1A3, 2B7(H268) and 2B7(Y268), stably expressed in human embryonic kidney cells (HK293) were used to assess glucuronidation activities with a variety of steroid hormone and bile acid substrates. The rate of synthesis of carboxyl- and hydroxyl-linked glucuronides was determined under optimal reaction(More)
DNA replication stress causes genome mutations, rearrangements, and chromosome missegregation, which are implicated in cancer. We analyze a fission yeast mutant that is unable to complete S phase due to a defective subunit of the MCM helicase. Despite underreplicated and damaged DNA, these cells evade the G2 damage checkpoint to form ultrafine bridges,(More)
Non-steroidal anti-oestrogens such as tamoxifen, CI 628, nafoxidine and clomiphene, are structurally related synthetic compounds that antagonize the effects of oestrogen on its target tissues, and this activity has led to the use of tamoxifen to treat advanced breast cancer. All these compounds inhibit the binding of tritiated oestradiol to cytosol from(More)
Opioids are important drugs used as analgesics, antitussives, antidiarrheals, and in the therapy of myocardial infarctions, and as antagonists of opioid intoxication. The glucuronidation of these compounds, catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), is well known to be a primary step in their metabolism to hydrophilic products and in their ultimate(More)
Catechol estrogens are major estrogen metabolites in mammals and are the most potent naturally occurring inhibitors of catecholamine metabolism. These estrogen compounds have been implicated in carcinogenic activity and the 4/2-hydroxyestradiol concentration has been shown to be elevated in neoplastic human mammary tissue compared to normal human breast(More)
The UDP-glucuronosyltransferase UGT2B7 is an important human UGT isoform that catalyzes the conjugation of many endogenous and exogenous compounds, among them opioids, resulting in the formation of D-glucuronides. The binding site of the aglycone is located in the N-terminal half of the protein. In this study, we demonstrate that the opioid binding site in(More)
Schizosaccharomyces pombe shares many genes and proteins with humans and is a good model for chromosome behavior and DNA dynamics, which can be analyzed by visualizing the behavior of fluorescently tagged proteins in vivo. Performing a genome-wide screen for changes in such proteins requires developing methods that automate analysis of a large amount of(More)
The fission yeast pericentromere comprises repetitive sequence elements packaged into heterchromatin marked by histone H3K9 methylation and Swi6 binding. Transient disruption of Swi6 during S phase allows a period of RNA synthesis which programs the RNAi machinery to maintain histone methylation. However, Swi6 is also required for early replication timing.(More)
Microsomal preparations from livers of Sprague-Dawley rats catalyze the glucuronidation of 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 beta-H (3 alpha, 5 beta) short-chain bile acids (C20-C23), predominantly at the hydroxyl group, while the glucuronidation of 3 beta, 5 beta short-chain bile acids occurs exclusively at the carboxyl group. A similar pattern of conjugation was also(More)