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DNA replication stress causes genome mutations, rearrangements, and chromosome missegregation, which are implicated in cancer. We analyze a fission yeast mutant that is unable to complete S phase due to a defective subunit of the MCM helicase. Despite underreplicated and damaged DNA, these cells evade the G2 damage checkpoint to form ultrafine bridges,(More)
Hydroxyurea (HU) treatment activates the intra-S phase checkpoint proteins Cds1 and Mrc1 to prevent replication fork collapse. We found that prolonged DNA synthesis occurs in cds1Δ and mrc1Δ checkpoint mutants in the presence of HU and continues after release. This is coincident with increased DNA damage measured by phosphorylated histone H2A in whole cells(More)
The centromere of many eukaryotes contains highly repetitive sequences marked by methylation of histone H3K9 by Clr4(KMT1). This recruits multiple heterochromatin proteins, including Swi6 and Chp1, to form a rigid centromere and ensure accurate chromosome segregation. In the absence of heterochromatin, cells show an increased rate of recombination in the(More)
Genome stability in fission yeast requires the conserved S-phase kinase Hsk1 (Cdc7) and its partner Dfp1 (Dbf4). In addition to their established function in the initiation of DNA replication, we show that these proteins are important in maintaining genome integrity later in S phase and G2. hsk1 cells suffer increased rates of mitotic recombination and(More)
Temporal and spatial visualization of replication proteins and associated structures within the narrow confines of a yeast nucleus is technically challenging. Choosing the appropriate method depends upon the parameters of the experiment, the nature of the molecules to be observed, and the hypothesis to be tested. In this chapter, we review three broad types(More)
Nucleoside analogs are frequently used to label newly synthesized DNA. These analogs are toxic in many cells, with the exception of the budding yeast. We show that Schizosaccharomyces pombe behaves similarly to metazoans in response to analogs 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU). Incorporation causes DNA damage that activates(More)
Schizosaccharomyces pombe shares many genes and proteins with humans and is a good model for chromosome behavior and DNA dynamics, which can be analyzed by visualizing the behavior of fluorescently tagged proteins in vivo. Performing a genome-wide screen for changes in such proteins requires developing methods that automate analysis of a large amount of(More)
The fission yeast pericentromere comprises repetitive sequence elements packaged into heterchromatin marked by histone H3K9 methylation and Swi6 binding. Transient disruption of Swi6 during S phase allows a period of RNA synthesis which programs the RNAi machinery to maintain histone methylation. However, Swi6 is also required for early replication timing.(More)
2 Running title: DNA damage response to BrdU and EdU Key words/phrases: dNTP metabolism DNA damage response replication checkpoint thymidine arrest thymidine salvage pathway 3 ABSTRACT Nucleoside analogues are frequently used to label newly synthesized DNA. These analogues are toxic in many cells, with the exception of the budding yeast. We show that(More)