Marc C . Mumby

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The large extracellular matrix protein Reelin is produced by Cajal-Retzius neurons in specific regions of the developing brain, where it controls neuronal migration and positioning. Genetic evidence suggests that interpretation of the Reelin signal by migrating neurons involves two neuronal cell surface proteins, the very low density lipoprotein receptor(More)
Reliable identification of posttranslational modifications is key to understanding various cellular regulatory processes. We describe a tool, InsPecT, to identify posttranslational modifications using tandem mass spectrometry data. InsPecT constructs database filters that proved to be very successful in genomics searches. Given an MS/MS spectrum S and a(More)
Loss of sister-chromatid cohesion triggers chromosome segregation in mitosis and occurs through two mechanisms in vertebrate cells: (1) phosphorylation and removal of cohesin from chromosome arms by mitotic kinases, including Plk1, during prophase, and (2) cleavage of centromeric cohesin by separase at the metaphase-anaphase transition. Bub1 and the(More)
Immunofluorescence microscopy revealed the presence of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) on microtubules in neuronal and nonneuronal cells. Interphase and mitotic spindle microtubules, as well as centrosomes, were all labeled with antibodies against individual PP2A subunits, showing that the AB alpha C holoenzyme is associated with microtubules. Biochemical(More)
Ceramide activates a cytosolic protein phosphatase present in rat T9 glioma cells and rat brain. Ceramide-activated protein phosphatase (CAPP) was found to share several properties with protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) leading to the hypothesis that ceramide may directly activate PP2A. PP2A was isolated as a heterotrimer (AB'C, AB alpha C), heterodimer (AC),(More)
Recently, we reported that a pool of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is associated with microtubules. Here, we demonstrate that specific isoforms of PP2A bind and dephosphorylate the neuronal microtubule-associated protein tau. Coexpression of tau and SV40 small t, a specific inhibitor of PP2A, in CV-1, NIH 3T3, or NT2 cells induced the phosphorylation of tau(More)
Individual subunits of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), protein phosphatase 4, and protein phosphatase 5 were knocked out in Drosophila Schneider 2 cells by using RNA interference. Ablation of either the scaffold (A) or catalytic (C) subunits of PP2A caused the disappearance of all PP2A subunits. Treating cells with double-stranded RNA targeting all four of(More)
Hyperphosphorylated forms of the neuronal microtubule (MT)-associated protein tau are major components of Alzheimer's disease paired helical filaments. Previously, we reported that ABalphaC, the dominant brain isoform of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), is localized on MTs, binds directly to tau, and is a major tau phosphatase in cells. We now describe direct(More)
Although evidence has suggested that the serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) might be a tumor suppressor protein, it has been difficult to pin down its role in tumor suppression because it acts in a wide variety of signaling pathways. Recent findings, including work in this issue by Junttila et al. (2007), provide convincing evidence that(More)
Recently it has been shown that the potent apoptotic agent ceramide activates a mitochondrial protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and promotes dephosphorylation of the anti-apoptotic molecule Bcl2 (Ruvolo, P. P., Deng, X., Ito, T., Carr, B. K., and May, W. S. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 20296-20300). In cells expressing Bcl2, dephosphorylation of Bcl2 appears to(More)