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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder that displays both sporadic and inherited forms. Exposure to several common environmental toxins acting through oxidative stress has been shown to be associated with PD. One recently identified inherited PD gene, DJ-1, may have a role in protection from oxidative stress, thus potentially(More)
Inherited mutations in PARK7, the gene encoding DJ-1, are associated with loss of protein function and early-onset parkinsonism. Like human DJ-1 (hDJ-1), Drosophila DJ-1b protects against oxidative insult and is modified with oxidation. We demonstrate that hDJ-1 rescues flies mutant for DJ-1b, and that a conserved cysteine residue in the fly protein (C104,(More)
Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disease characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and the accumulation of the protein alpha-synuclein into aggregates called Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites. Parkinson's disease can be modeled in Drosophila where directed expression of alpha-synuclein induces(More)
Febrile seizures are the most common form of seizures, occurring in an estimated 2-5% of North American children. We carried out a systematic pedigree study of febrile seizure probands. Forty of 52 probands (77%) in a referral population selected for increased severity had more than one case per family: one family had 10 cases, one family had 7, 3 families(More)
DJ-1 is a ubiquitously expressed protein involved in various cellular processes including cell proliferation, RNA-binding, and oxidative stress. Mutations that result in loss of DJ-1 function lead to early onset parkinsonism in humans, and DJ-1 protein is present in pathological lesions of several tauopathies and synucleinopathies. In order to further(More)
Curcuminoids exhibit anti-proliferative properties in many cell lines by modulating signalling pathways to inhibit cell growth. However, the specific effects of curcuminoids on human keratinocytes are not well defined, and this situation impairs mechanistic thinking regarding potential therapeutic uses. We hypothesized that curcuminoids would modulate key(More)
BACKGROUND Src-family tyrosine kinases (SFKs) are signaling proteins that regulate keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation. Src-activating and signaling molecule (Srcasm) is a recently identified molecule that downregulates SFK activity and promotes keratinocyte differentiation. To determine if Srcasm expression correlates with keratinocyte(More)
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