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N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (NMDARs) are a major class of excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the central nervous system. They form glutamate-gated ion channels that are highly permeable to calcium and mediate activity-dependent synaptic plasticity. NMDAR dysfunction is implicated in multiple brain disorders, including stroke, chronic pain(More)
Ionotropic glutamate receptor (iGluR) subunits contain a large N-terminal domain (NTD) that precedes the agonist-binding domain (ABD) and participates in subunit oligomerization. In NMDA receptors (NMDARs), the NTDs of NR2A and NR2B subunits also form binding sites for the endogenous inhibitor Zn(2+) ion. Although these allosteric sites have been(More)
Levamisole-sensitive acetylcholine receptors (L-AChRs) are ligand-gated ion channels that mediate excitatory neurotransmission at the neuromuscular junctions of nematodes. They constitute a major drug target for anthelminthic treatments because they can be activated by nematode-specific cholinergic agonists such as levamisole. Genetic screens conducted in(More)
GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs) composed of αβγ subunits are allosterically modulated by the benzodiazepines (BDZs). Agonists at the BDZ binding site potentiate submaximal GABA responses by increasing the apparent affinity of GABA(A)Rs for GABA. Although BDZs were initially thought to affect the binding of GABA agonists, recent studies suggest an effect on(More)
Cys-loop neurotransmitter-gated ion channels are vital for communication throughout the nervous system. Following activation, these receptors enter into a desensitized state in which the ion channel shuts even though the neurotransmitter molecules remain bound. To date, the molecular determinants underlying this most fundamental property of Cys-loop(More)
KEY POINTS Hyperekplexia or startle disease is a serious neurological condition affecting newborn children and usually involves dysfunctional glycinergic neurotransmission. Glycine receptors (GlyRs) are major mediators of inhibition in the spinal cord and brainstem. A missense mutation, replacing asparagine (N) with lysine (K), at position 46 in the GlyR α1(More)
NMDA receptors (NMDARs) are a major class of excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the central nervous system. They form glutamate-gated ion channels highly permeable to calcium that mediate activity-dependent synaptic plasticity1. NMDAR dysfunction is implicated in multiple brain disorders, including stroke, chronic pain and schizophrenia2. NMDARs exist(More)
  • Sophie Aimon, Mr Luis, Bagatolli Examinateur, Mme Martine, Ben Amar, Examinatrice Mr +24 others
  • 2012
Remerciements Je souhaite tout d'abord remercier ma directrice de thèse, Patricia Bassereau, pour m'avoir fait confiance d` es le début. La liberté que tu m'as accordée mais aussi ton dynamisme et ton enthousiasme m'ont encouragés tout au long de la thèse. Je suis aussi très reconnaissante de la gestion subtile que tu as eu des moments critiques. En(More)
In the brain of vertebrates, glutamate receptor ion channels (iGluR) mediate fast neurotransmission at excitatory synapses. They exist as distinct subfamilies (AMPA, Kainate and NMDA) differing in their functional properties. Yet, all iGluR are tetramers sharing a common molecular architecture, and a common scheme applies for the general mechanisms of their(More)
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