Marc C E Van Montagu

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Culture conditions were developed that induce Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. root cuttings to regenerate shoots rapidly and at 100% efficiency. The shoots produce viable seeds in vitro or after rooting in soil. A transformation procedure for Arabidopsis root explants based on kanamycin selection was established. By using this regeneration procedure and an(More)
The plant Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) has become an important model species for the study of many aspects of plant biology. The relatively small size of the nuclear genome and the availability of extensive physical maps of the five chromosomes provide a feasible basis for initiating sequencing of the five chromosomes. The YAC (yeast artificial(More)
APETALA2 (AP2) plays a central role in the establishment of the floral meristem, the specification of floral organ identity, and the regulation of floral homeotic gene expression in Arabidopsis. We show here that in addition to its functions during flower development, AP2 activity is also required during seed development. We isolated the AP2 gene and found(More)
Recent analysis of complete eukaryotic genome sequences has revealed that gene duplication has been rampant. Moreover, next to a continuous mode of gene duplication, in many eukaryotic organisms the complete genome has been duplicated in their evolutionary past. Such large-scale gene duplication events have been associated with important evolutionary(More)
Populus deltoides, P. nigra, and P. trichocarpa are the most important species for poplar breeding programs worldwide. In addition, Populus has become a model for fundamental research on trees. Linkage maps were constructed for these three species by analyzing progeny of two controlled crosses sharing the same female parent, Populus deltoides cv. S9-2 x P.(More)
A key regulator of the cell cycle is a highly conserved protein kinase whose catalytic subunit, p34(cdc2), is encoded by the cdc2 gene. We studied the control of the expression of the Arabidopsis cdc2a gene in cell suspensions and during plant development. In cell cultures, arrest of the cell cycle did not significantly affect cdc2a mRNA levels, but(More)
Analysis of the genome sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana shows that this genome, like that of many other eukaryotic organisms, has undergone large-scale gene duplications or even duplications of the entire genome. However, the high frequency of gene loss after duplication events reduces colinearity and therefore the chance of finding duplicated regions that,(More)
APETALA2 (AP2) plays an important role in the control of Arabidopsis flower and seed development and encodes a putative transcription factor that is distinguished by a novel DNA binding motif referred to as the AP2 domain. In this study we show that the AP2 domain containing or RAP2 (related to AP2) family of proteins is encoded by a minimum of 12 genes in(More)
In plants, environmental adversity often leads to the formation of highly reactive oxygen radicals. Since resistance to such conditions may be correlated with the activity of enzymes involved in oxygen detoxification, we have generated transgenic tobacco plants which express elevated levels of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) within their chloroplasts(More)
In eukaryotes, the control of cell cycle progression is exercised by heteromeric protein kinase complexes composed of a cell cycle-dependent, kinase-related subunit (Cdc2) and a cyclin subunit. To explore the possibility that cyclin transcription plays a role in the developmental regulation of cell division, we examined the spatial and temporal expression(More)