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The "art of the smile" lies in the clinician's ability to recognize the positive elements of beauty in each patient and then create a strategy to enhance the attributes that fall outside the parameters of the prevailing esthetic concept. New technologies have enhanced our ability to see our patients more dynamically and facilitated the quantification and(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this investigation was to broaden the understanding of how various skeletal, dental, and soft-tissue relationships are related to the esthetics of the smile in patients with malocclusions before orthodontic treatment. METHODS Images of the posed smile were captured from digital video clips of 60 growing patients (33 girls, 27(More)
Removable retainer wear is most related to patient comfort and acceptance. Patient compliance is essential for retention and maintenance of the orthodontic treatment results. Even though patients are educated about the need for prolonged retention after active treatment and asked to sign informed consent regarding the risk of noncompliance (relapse) prior(More)
The "art of the smile" lies in the clinician's ability to recognize the positive elements of beauty in each patient and to create a strategy to enhance the attributes that fall outside the parameters of the prevailing esthetic concept. New technologies have enhanced our ability to see our patients more dynamically and facilitated the quantification and(More)
A fundamental goal of orthodontics is to improve the smile, but no objective criteria exist to assess the lip-teeth relationship, establish objectives of treatment or measure treatment outcome. Here we propose a method to digitally measure the smile characteristics of orthodontic patients. Specifically, the 'posed smile' is measured. By definition the posed(More)
This retrospective study was conducted to measure lip-tooth characteristics of adolescents. Pretreatment video clips of 1242 consecutive patients were screened for Class-I skeletal and dental patterns. After all inclusion criteria were applied, the final sample consisted of 50 patients (27 boys, 23 girls) with a mean age of 12.5 years. The raw digital video(More)
The value of systematically enhancing the Angle classification by including transverse and vertical characteristics in addition to anteroposterior relationships for the face and the dentition is universally accepted. Three aeronautical rotational descriptors (pitch, roll, and yaw) are used here to supplement the planar terms (anteroposterior, transverse,(More)
The American Board of Orthodontics (ABO) phase III certification examination was originally constructed and recently modified to "help the Board determine the candidate's knowledge of clinical orthodontics and provide a basis to assess the quality of the candidate's clinical treatment results." For the most part, the ABO phase III examination measures the(More)
Retention is routinely prescribed after orthodontic treatment to prevent relapse. Orthodontists often notice a discrepancy between what a patient reports about retainer wear and what a clinical examination shows. In these cases, is the patient misreporting wear, or is the retainer at fault? Scientific Compliance (Atlanta, Ga) has invented, patented, and(More)