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Ascorbyl free radical (AFR), can be considered as an atoxic and endogenous indicator of oxidative stress. The purpose of our experiments was to investigate the influence of the severity and length of ischemia on the extent of AFR release during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. For that purpose, isolated perfused rat hearts were submitted to a global(More)
Normal tissue toxicity still remains a dose-limiting factor in clinical radiation therapy. Recently, plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (SERPINE1/PAI-1) was reported as an essential mediator of late radiation-induced intestinal injury. However, it is not clear whether PAI-1 plays a role in acute radiation-induced intestinal damage and we hypothesized(More)
The role of biological membranes as a target in biological radiation damage remains unclear. The present study investigates how the biochemical and biophysical properties of a simple biological model, i.e. human erythrocyte membranes, are altered after exposure to relatively low doses of (60)Co gamma rays. Lipid peroxidation increased in the hours after(More)
Radiation-induced intestinal injuries, including inflammation and immune response, remain a limiting factor in the effectiveness of pelvic radiotherapy and in the patient's quality of life during and after treatment. Peroxisome proliferation-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists are now emerging as therapeutic drugs for various inflammatory diseases that are(More)
MOTIVATION Identifying the set of genes differentially expressed along time is an important task in two-sample time course experiments. Furthermore, estimating at which time periods the differential expression is present can provide additional insight into temporal gene functions. The current differential detection methods are designed to detect difference(More)
The therapeutic management of severe radiation burns remains a challenging issue today. Conventional surgical treatment including excision, skin autograft, or flap often fails to prevent unpredictable and uncontrolled extension of the radiation-induced necrotic process. In a recent very severe accidental radiation burn, we demonstrated the efficiency of a(More)
Early biomarkers of radiation injury are critical for triage, treatment, and follow-up of large numbers of people exposed to ionising radiation after terrorist attacks or nuclear accident. Operational monoparametric protein or amino acid biomarkers (amylase, Flt3-Ligand, citrulline) can help for the diagnostic of radiation exposure or injury. However, these(More)
Radiation-induced lesion outcomes of normal tissues are difficult to predict. In particular, radiotherapy or local exposure to a radioactive source by accident can trigger strong injury to the skin. The finding of biomarkers is of fundamental relevance for the prediction of lesion apparition and its evolution, and for the settlement of therapeutic(More)
When accidental exposure to ionizing radiations is suspected, optimal choice of a treatment strategy requires, in addition to information about the clinical signs and physical dosimetry, a determination by biological parameters of the dose received. The scoring of unstable chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes is the current reference(More)
PURPOSE Acute and/or chronic radiation enteritis can develop after radiotherapy for pelvic cancers. Experimental and clinical observations have provided evidence of a role played by acute mucosal disruption in the appearance of late effects. The therapeutic potential of acute administration of glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) against acute and chronic(More)