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BACKGROUND The objective of this work was to assess the role of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reservoirs in the risk of disease progression, by studying the relationship between HIV DNA level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and progression toward acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). METHODS HIV-1 DNA levels in PBMCs were(More)
To assess the place of passive immunotherapy in the treatment of AIDS, a randomized study was conducted that evaluated the safety and short-term efficacy of serial transfusions of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) seropositive plasma in 18 patients. Heat-inactivated anti-HIV antibody-rich plasma was compared with seronegative fresh-frozen(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The systematic use of rapid tests performed at points-of-care may facilitate hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening and substantially increase HBV infection awareness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of such tests for HBsAg and anti-HBsAb detection among individuals visiting a variety of healthcare centers located in a(More)
A randomized double-blind controlled trial was conducted to determine the efficacy of passive immunotherapy in the treatment of symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This trial included 86 symptomatic patients randomized to receive plasma rich in anti-HIV-1 antibody or standard seronegative plasma. Each patient in both groups received a(More)
AZT is the only available antiviral treatment. While using it, several problems appear to a general practitioner. 1) The supervision of the toxic effects, which is simple but does imply an experience. 2) The interaction of several drugs, while considering, among other difficulties, the great number of similar drugs available in pharmacies. 3) The(More)
The predictive value of two methods for measuring HIV RNA concentration in plasma was assessed in relation to CD4 lymphocyte counts during the asymptomatic period of infection. The design was a retrospective longitudinal case-control study for a mean period of 60 months involving 20 asymptomatic patients included in the French National prospective survey.(More)
Efavirenz has now become commonly used to treat HIV infection. Neuropsychiatric disorders have been reported in patients treated with efavirenz. Several factors often make it hard to determine the cause of these disorders: HIV infected patients take many different drugs, they may suffer from various organ diseases, and may also be heavily affected by(More)
BACKGROUND In low hepatitis B virus (HBV)-prevalent countries, most HBV-infected persons are unaware of their status. We aimed to evaluate whether (i) previous HBV-testing, (ii) physicians decision to screen, and (iii) CDC's recommendations identified infected individuals and which risk-factor groups needing testing. METHODS During a mass, multi-center(More)