Marc Auchter

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Corynebacterium glutamicum, well known for the industrial production of amino acids, grows aerobically on a variety of mono- and disaccharides and on alcohols and organic acids as single or combined sources of carbon and energy. Members of the genera Corynebacterium and Brevibacterium were here tested for their ability to use the homopolysaccharide starch(More)
Corynebacterium glutamicum grows on a variety of carbohydrates and organic acids as single or combined sources of carbon and energy. Here we show the ability of C. glutamicum to grow on ethanol with growth rates up to 0.24 h(-1) and biomass yields up to 0.47 g dry weight (g ethanol)(-1). Mutants of C. glutamicum deficient in phosphotransacetylase (PTA),(More)
Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex-deficient strains of Corynebacterium glutamicum produce L-valine from glucose only after depletion of the acetate required for growth. Here we show that inactivation of the DeoR-type transcriptional regulator SugR or replacement of acetate by ethanol already in course of the growth phase results in efficient L-valine(More)
In Corynebacterium glutamicum, the transcriptional regulator RamB negatively controls the expression of genes involved in acetate metabolism. Here we show that RamB represses its own expression by direct interaction with a 13-bp motif in the ramB promoter region. Additionally, ramB expression is subject to carbon source-dependent positive control by RamA.
Listeria monocytogenes is able to form biofilms on various surfaces and this ability is thought to contribute to persistence in the environment and on contact surfaces in the food industry. Extracellular DNA (eDNA) is a component of the biofilm matrix of many bacterial species and was shown to play a role in biofilm establishment of L. monocytogenes. In the(More)
In Corynebacterium glutamicum, the transcriptional regulators of acetate metabolism RamA (encoded by cg2831) and RamB (encoded by cg0444) play an important role in expression control of genes involved in acetate and ethanol metabolism. Both regulators were speculated to have broader significance in expression control of further genes in the central(More)
When grown in glucose-, fructose- or sucrose-containing medium, the amino acid producer Corynebacterium glutamicum transiently accumulates large amounts of glycogen (up to 10% of its dry weight), whereas only a marginal amount of glycogen is formed during growth with acetate. This carbon-source-dependent regulation is at least partially due to(More)
Corynebacterium glutamicum has been shown to grow with ethanol as the sole or as additional carbon and energy source and accordingly, to possess both alcohol dehydrogenase and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activities, which are responsible for the two-step ethanol oxidation to acetate. Here we identify and functionally analyze the C. glutamicum ALDH(More)
Here, we report on the first completely annotated genome sequence of a Bifidobacterium bifidum strain. B. bifidum S17, isolated from feces of a breast-fed infant, was shown to strongly adhere to intestinal epithelial cells and has potent anti-inflammatory activity in vitro and in vivo. The genome sequence will provide new insights into the biology of this(More)
Expression profiling of Corynebacterium glutamicum in comparison to a derivative deficient in the transcriptional regulator AtlR (previously known as SucR or MtlR) revealed eight genes showing more than 4-fold higher mRNA levels in the mutant. Four of these genes are located in the direct vicinity of the atlR gene, i.e., xylB, rbtT, mtlD, and sixA,(More)