Marc-Antoine Rousseau

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Because the disc and facets work together to constrain spinal kinematics, changes in the instant axis of rotation associated with disc degeneration or disc replacement may adversely influence risk for facet overloading and arthritis. The relationships between L5/S1 segmental kinematics and facet forces are not well defined, since previous studies have(More)
INTRODUCTION The role of the pelvic area in sagittal balance is evident for spinal surgeons, but the influence of the coxofemoral joint is underestimated and inadequately explained by conventional imagery. Comprehensive analysis of the pelvic and subpelvic sectors as part of the sagittal, frontal and cross-sectional balance of the trunk sheds new light on(More)
Persistence of the hypoglossal artery is an unusual congenital abnormality of the carotid arterial system, and the simultaneous occurrence of atheromatous disease in the internal carotid artery and persistent hypoglossal artery is even more uncommon. Carotid surgery in this situation is challenging, and the surgeon must be aware of potential inherent(More)
Usual interbody cages at the lumbar spine are made of titanium or carbon fiber-polyetheretherketone (PEEK). Pure PEEK cages have more recently been proposed for its lower elasticity modulus. The goal of our study was to investigate a series of patients with circumferential fixation using anterior PEEK cages for degenerative lumbar spine disorders with a(More)
Lumbo-sacral orientation in the sagittal plane is of utmost importance, as it plays a critical role in the function of the spine and the hip joints. Equilibrium of the trunk influences the tridimensional orientation of the acetabulum and the functional range of motion of the hips. Each patient is characterized by a "morphological" parameter named incidence(More)
The anterior pelvic plane (APP) is currently used as superficial anatomical landmark for three-dimensional orientation during total hip arthroplasty (THA), specifically when using computer aided surgery. However, the actual parameter for characterizing the pelvic orientation is the sacral slope, which correlates with other functional spinal parameters. The(More)
STUDY DESIGN.: A three-dimensional (3D) analysis of the cervical spine kinematics in vivo about a large asymptomatic database in order to evaluate the impact of age and gender on the neck's performances. OBJECTIVE.: To investigate the effect of age and gender on kinematical parameters of the cervical spine, specifically quantitative parameters concerning(More)
The viscoelastic lumbar disk prosthesis-elastic spine pad (LP-ESP(®)) is an innovative one-piece deformable but cohesive interbody spacer providing 6 full degrees of freedom about the 3 axes, including shock absorption. A 20-year research program has demonstrated that this concept provides mechanical properties very close to those of a natural disk.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Little is known about the long-term outcome of cemented metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties. We evaluated a consecutive series of metal-on-metal polyethylene-backed cemented hip arthroplasties implanted in patients under 60 years of age. METHODS 109 patients (134 joint replacements) were followed prospectively for mean 9 (7-11) years.(More)
Trunk balance in upright stance expresses an individual postural strategy found on anatomic and functional parameters. The "pelvic vertebra" is an essential transitional region for the coherence of spinal parameters (notably, lumbar lordosis and thoracic kyphosis) and pelvic parameters (sacral slope, pelvic tilt and incidence). Deterioration of this(More)