Marc-Andreas Muendler

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Brazil’s trade liberalization between 1990 and 1993, and its partial reversal in 1995, are used to study how trade affects productivity. The production function of Brazilian manufacturers is estimated at the SIC two-digit level under an extension of Olley and Pakes’ (1996) three-step procedure. Firm-level productivity is inferred and then related to trade(More)
Using data for German and Swedish multinational enterprises (MNEs), this paper assesses international employment patterns. It analyzes determinants of location choice and the degree of substitutability of labor across locations. Countries with highly skilled labor forces attract German MNEs, but we find no such evidence for Swedish MNEs. This is consistent(More)
Tracking individual workers across jobs after Brazil’s trade liberalization in the 1990s shows that tariff cuts trigger worker displacements, but neither exporters nor comparative-advantage sectors absorb trade-displaced labor. On the contrary, exporters separate from significantly more and hire fewer workers than the average employer. Trade liberalization(More)
We examine three-dimensional panel data for Brazilian and Chilean exporters, their products and destinations. The data show that (i) the distribution of the exporters’ number of goods (the exporter scope) is robust within destinations and approximately Pareto, (ii) exporter scope is positively associated with average sales per good within destinations but(More)
Brazil’s trade liberalization programme between 1990 and 1993, and its partial reversal in 1995, are used to study how trade affects productivity. The production function of Brazilian manufacturers is estimated at the SIC two-digit level, using an unbalanced panel of medium-sized to large firms between 1986 and 1998. Estimates of factor intensities and(More)
We examine multi-product exporters and use firm-product-destination data to quantify export entry barriers. Our general-equilibrium model of multi-product firms generalizes earlier models. To match main facts about multi-product exporters, we estimate our model with rich demand and access cost shocks for Brazilian firms. The estimates document that(More)
We use novel linked employer–employee data to study the relationship between globalization and formal sector interstate migration for Brazil. We estimate the worker’s multichoice migration problem and document that previously unobserved employer covariates are significant predictors associated with migration flows. Our results provide support for the idea(More)
We gauge the prevalence and performance of firms founded as employee spinoffs, relative to other new firms with and without parents, and relative to diversification ventures of existing firms entering new industries. Using a comprehensive linked employer-employee database from Brazil for the universe of formal firms during the period 1995-2001, we are able(More)
Novel linked employer-employee data for multinational enterprises and their global workforces show that multinational enterprises that expand abroad retain more domestic jobs than competitors without foreign expansions. Propensity-score estimation demonstrates that the foreign expansion itself is a dominant explanatory factor for reduced worker separation(More)