Marc-André Raymond

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Endothelial cells (EC) under stress release paracrine mediators that facilitate accumulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSCM) at sites of vascular injury. We found that medium conditioned by serum-starved EC increase proliferation and migration of VSCM in vitro. Fractionation of the conditioned medium followed by mass spectral analysis identified one(More)
Apoptosis of endothelial cells (EC) is appreciated as a primary pathogenic event in systemic sclerosis. Yet, how apoptosis of EC leads to fibrosis remains to be determined. We report that apoptosis of EC triggers the release of novel fibrogenic mediators. Medium conditioned by apoptotic EC (SSC) was found to inhibit apoptosis of fibroblasts, whereas medium(More)
Increased endothelial apoptosis and decreased apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) are central to initiation of myo-intimal thickening. We hypothesized that apoptosis of endothelial cells (EC) induces the release of anti-apoptotic mediator(s) active on VSMC. We found that serum-free medium conditioned by apoptotic EC decreases apoptosis of VSMC(More)
Dysregulation of apoptosis in endothelial cells (EC) and fibroblasts contributes to fibrosis. We have shown previously that apoptosis of EC triggers the proteolysis of extracellular matrix components and the release of a C-terminal fragment of perlecan, which in turn inhibits apoptosis of fibroblasts. Here we have defined the receptors and pathways(More)
BACKGROUND Uraemia is associated with endothelial dysfunction, but the effect of uraemic plasma on the gene expression pattern of human coronary arterial endothelial cells (HCAEC) has never been defined. METHODS HCAECs were exposed for 48 h to a culture medium supplemented with 20% uraemic vs normal plasma. We extracted mRNA and hybridized it onto(More)
A single-center cohort study of kidney and kidney-pancreas recipients was conducted to evaluate the association between new immunosuppressive regimens and risk of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). From January 1st,1996 to December 31, 2002, 368 patients received a kidney or kidney-pancreas transplant at our center. Four immunosuppressive regimens were(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the mechanisms of injury associated with cardiac arrest is essential for defining strategies aimed at improving preservation and function of kidneys harvested in non-heart-beating (NHB) donors. METHODS We standardized a model of NHB donors in rats and studied the kinetics and types (apoptosis vs. necrosis) of renal cell death(More)
Blockade of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) by cyclosporin A (CsA) inhibits apoptosis in various cell types. However, use of CsA in humans is associated with damage to the arterial endothelium. We evaluated whether inhibition of the apoptotic machinery by CsA promotes other forms of cell death in arterial endothelial cells (EC).(More)
Proteolysis of extracellular matrix components and the production of cryptic bioactive factors play key roles in vascular remodeling. We showed previously that extracellular matrix proteolysis is triggered by the apoptosis of endothelial cells (EC), resulting in the release of an anti-apoptotic C-terminal fragment of endorepellin (LG3). Here, we(More)
The mechanisms of cytoprotection conferred by stress preconditioning remain largely uncharacterized in endothelial cells (EC). We report that stress preconditioning of EC with serum starvation induces the release of soluble mediator(s) that confer resistance to apoptosis, increase proliferation, and enhance angiogenesis in a second set of(More)