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In an exploratory study, levels of cadmium in whole-kidney and liver tissues of 314 subjects from the general population of the province of Quebec (Canada) were measured postmortem. Frequency distributions of cadmium concentrations were lognormal. As reported in similar studies, age and especially smoking habits were the main variables affecting cadmium(More)
There have been reports of an interaction when theophylline and macrolides are given together, and also when carbamazepine is given with macrolides. We compared the kinetics of theophylline and carbamazepine, given alone and then in combination with roxithromycin. Roxithromycin had little effect on the pharmacokinetics of theophylline and none on(More)
Glutathione (GSH) is one of the key components of the lung antioxidant defenses. Chronic smokers have higher GSH concentrations in their epithelial lining fluid than do nonsmokers. The aim of this study was to compare antioxidant concentrations in epithelial lining fluid (ELF) from nonsmokers, smokers with, and smokers without non-small-cell lung cancer.(More)
We present an analytical method for the determination of heroin, free 6-acetylmorphine (6-AM), and free morphine in blood, urine, and vitreous humor. This method is used in postmortem cases where heroin is the suspected cause of death. The analytical protocol includes the following steps: liquid-liquid extraction at pH 9.5, propionylation at room(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a case of massive diltiazem overdose with a good outcome achieved after early and aggressive supportive therapy. DESIGN Case report. SETTING Pediatric Critical Care Unit. PATIENT Sixteen-year-old adolescent girl. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS A 16-yr-old adolescent girl presented to the emergency department 6 hrs after the(More)
The 4th Calibration and Validation Group Workshop on Recent Issues in Regulated Bioanalysis, a 2-day full immersion workshop, was organized by the Calibration and Validation Group. Contract research organizations, pharmaceutical companies and regulatory agencies came together to discuss several 'hot' topics concerning bioanalytical issues and regulatory(More)
AIMS To evaluate the effects of food and formulation on the pharmacokinetics of bismuth biskalcitrate, metronidazole and tetracycline when combined in a new 3-in-1 single capsule (BMT) for eradication of Helicobacter pylori. METHODS In a randomized, 3 x 3 cross-over design, 23 healthy males received one dose of BMT in the fed and fasting states and(More)
BACKGROUND Eplerenone (CAS 107724-20-9) prevents the binding of aldosterone, a key hormone in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS), which is involved in the regulation of blood pressure and the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease and is indicated, in addition to standard therapy including beta-blockers, to reduce the risk of cardiovascular(More)
Blood and urine cadmium concentrations have been determined in a group of 85 Inuit residents of Kuujjuaq, Quebec, Canada, drawn from actively hunting households. Mean blood cadmium values are high at 39.4 nmol/l, varying between 6.6 in non-smokers and 60.3 in smokers. No association of blood cadmium with self-reported offal consumption could be found.(More)
Samples of moose (N = 431) and white-tailed deer (N = 225) liver and kidneys were collected during the 1985 hunting season from 14 zones south of the 50 degree latitude in Québec. Regional differences in cadmium level in the liver were detected and three homogeneous areas were delineated for each species. Uptake was greater for moose than for deer: in the(More)