Marc A G G Vooijs

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Medulloblastomas are among the most common malignancies in childhood, and they are associated with substantial mortality and morbidity. The molecular pathogenesis as well as the ontogeny of these neoplasms is still poorly understood. We have generated a mouse model for medulloblastoma by Cre-LoxP-mediated inactivation of Rb and p53 tumor suppressor genes in(More)
The self-renewing epithelium of the small intestine is ordered into stem/progenitor crypt compartments and differentiated villus compartments. Recent evidence indicates that the Wnt cascade is the dominant force in controlling cell fate along the crypt-villus axis. Here we show a rapid, massive conversion of proliferative crypt cells into post-mitotic(More)
The use of Cre/loxP recombination in mammalian cells has expanded rapidly. We describe here that Cre expression in cultured mammalian cells may result in a markedly reduced proliferation and that this effect is dependent on the endonuclease activity of Cre. Chromosome analysis after Cre expression revealed numerous chromosomal aberrations and an increased(More)
Conditional gene inactivation using the Cre/loxP system is widely used, but the difficulty in properly regulating Cre expression remains one of the bottlenecks. One approach to regulate Cre activity utilizes a mutant estrogen hormone-binding domain (ERT) to keep Cre inactive unless the non-steroidal estrogen analog 4-hydroxytamoxifen (OHT) is present. Here(More)
Conditional mutant mice equipped with heterologous recombination systems (Cre/lox or Flp/frt) are promising for studying tissue-specific gene function and for designing better models of human diseases. The utility of these mice depends on the cell target specificity, on the efficiency and on the control over timing of gene (in)activation. We have explored(More)
TWIST1, an antiapoptotic and prometastatic transcription factor, is overexpressed in many epithelial cancers including breast. Only little is known regarding the regulation of TWIST1 in these cancers. Recently, an increase in the TWIST1 promoter methylation has been shown in breast cancers. To correlate the percentage of TWIST1 promoter methylation to the(More)
Intramembrane cleaving proteases such as site 2 protease, gamma-secretase, and signal peptide peptidase hydrolyze peptide bonds within the transmembrane domain (TMD) of signaling molecules such as SREBP, Notch, and HLA-E, respectively. All three enzymes require a prior cleavage at the juxtamembrane region by another protease. It has been proposed that(More)
The yeast-derived Flp-frt site-specific DNA recombination system was used to achieve pituitary-specific inactivation of the retinoblastoma (Rb) tumor suppressor gene. Whereas mice carrying only frt sites in both alleles of Rb remain tumor free, tumorigenesis ensues when the Flp recombinase is expressed. The rate of tumorigenesis in these mice depends both(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are highly conserved transcription factors that play a crucial role in oxygen homeostasis. Intratumoral hypoxia and genetic alterations lead to HIF activity, which is a hallmark of solid cancer and is associated with poor clinical outcome. HIF activity is regulated by an evolutionary conserved mechanism involving(More)
Metastases formation is a major factor in disease progression and accounts for the majority of cancer deaths. The molecular mechanisms controlling invasion, dissemination to blood or lymphatic systems and spread of tumor cells to distant organs are still poorly understood. Recent observations indicate that the meta-static phenotype may already be present(More)