Marc A. Edelstein

Learn More
Legionella pneumophila is the cause of Legionnaires' disease, which is a form of potentially fatal pneumonia. To identify genes required for virulence of the bacterium, a library of 1,386 L. pneumophila signature tagged transposon mutants was studied for guinea pig virulence. The mutants were screened in pools of 96 each in a guinea pig model of L.(More)
Anaerobic bacteria are prevalent in conjunctival flora but have not been adequately investigated as possible causes of endophthalmitis. The mean oxidation-reduction potential (Eh) of the rabbit vitreous was found to be +25.1 mV, well within the limiting Eh value of many anaerobes. There was an oxygen pressure gradient in the vitreous ranging from 2.1 mm Hg(More)
Growth of Legionella spp. on buffered charcoal yeast extract medium supplemented with alpha-ketoglutarate and formulated with 3-(n-morpholino)propanesulfonic acid (MOPS), 3-(n-morpholino)-2-hydroxypropanesulfonic acid (MOPSO), or n-(2-acetamido)-2-aminoethanesulfonic acid (ACES) buffer was similar. With three exceptions, growth was no different in buffered(More)
The activities of ceftriaxone, piperacillin, tazobactam, clavulanic acid, and combinations of ceftriaxone or piperacillin with tazobactam against 22 clinical Legionella isolates were measured by broth microdilution and macrodilution methods and in macrophages. The broth microdilution MICs that inhibited 90% of strains tested were 2 and 1 microgram/ml for(More)
Clinical isolates of agar-pitting, formate-fumarate-requiring, anaerobic gram-negative bacilli were recharacterized in consideration of the species descriptions of Bacteroides ureolyticus and the newly described B. gracilis, Campylobacter concisus, and Wolinella sp. During an 11-year period, 7.5% (101 of 1,341) of all specimens yielding anaerobes were found(More)
The activity of gemifloxacin against intracellular Legionella pneumophila and for the treatment of guinea pigs with L. pneumophila pneumonia was studied. Gemifloxacin, azithromycin, and levofloxacin (1 microg/ml) reduced bacterial counts of two L. pneumophila strains grown in guinea pig alveolar macrophages by 2 to 3 log(10) units. Gemifloxacin and(More)
The hundred twenty-four isolates of anaerobic and microaerophilis organisms were examined with a polyvalent direct immunofluorescent antibody (DFA) reagent directed against Legionella pneumophila, serogroups (SG) I-IV. Three of 53 isolates of Bacteroides fragilis cross-reated with the SG I component of the reagent. Rabbit antisera to three SG I strains of(More)
The activity of trovafloxacin against 22 clinical Legionella isolates was determined by broth microdilution susceptibility testing. The trovafloxacin concentration required to inhibit 90% of strains tested was < or = 0.004 micrograms/ml, in contrast to 0.032 micrograms/ml for ofloxacin. In guinea pig alveolar macrophages, trovafloxacin achieved(More)
Endoscopic band ligation (EBL) is the community-accepted standard therapy for the secondary prophylaxis of esophageal variceal hemorrhage. Recent data indicate that combination EBL and sclerotherapy may be a more effective therapy than EBL alone. Yet existing data are conflicting. We therefore performed a meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of(More)
The activities of HMR 3647, HMR 3004, erythromycin, clarithromycin, and levofloxacin for 97 Legionella spp. isolates were determined by microbroth dilution susceptibility testing. Growth inhibition of two Legionella pneumophila strains grown in guinea pig alveolar macrophages was also determined. The concentrations required to inhibit 50% of strains tested(More)