Learn More
Tumor progression involves the ability of cancer cells to communicate with each other and with neighboring normal cells in their microenvironment. Microvesicles (MV) derived from human cancer cells have received a good deal of attention because of their ability to participate in the horizontal transfer of signaling proteins between cancer cells and to(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) exerts pleiotropic effects during oncogenesis, including the stimulation of cell migration and invasiveness. Although a number of traditional signaling proteins (e.g. Ras and Rho GTPases) have been implicated in EGF-stimulated cancer cell migration, less is known about the identity of those proteins functioning further(More)
Vesicular structures called microvesicles (MVs) that are shed from the surfaces of cancer cells are capable of transferring oncogenic cargo to recipient cancer cells, as well as to normal cells, sending mitogenic signals that greatly enhance tumor growth. Because MVs are stable in the circulation, they also may have a key role in secondary colonization and(More)
Cdc42 is a Ras-related GTPase that plays an important role in the regulation of a range of cellular functions, including cell migration, proliferation, and survival. Consistent with its critical functions in vitro, the inactivation of Cdc42 in mice has been shown to result in embryonic lethality at embryonic day 6.5 (E6.5) before blood vessel formation. To(More)
Retinoic acid (RA) and its various synthetic analogs affect mammalian cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. Whereas treatment of the human leukemia cell line HL60 with RA results in cellular differentiation, addition of the synthetic retinoid, N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (HPR), induces HL60 cells to undergo apoptosis. Moreover, pretreatment of(More)
The ERK pathway is typically associated with activation of the EGF receptor and has been shown to play a major role in promoting several tumor phenotypes. An analogous signaling module, the JNK pathway, has not been shown to be consistently activated by the EGF receptor but is instead more uniformly stimulated by cellular stresses and cytokines. The(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF) variant type III (EGFRvIII) is a constitutively active, naturally occurring mutation of the EGF receptor that is found in many types of human tumors. When overexpressed in NIH3T3 fibroblasts, EGFRvIII induces transformation by enhancing cell growth and reducing apoptosis. Analysis of downstream signaling pathways has(More)
Tissue transglutaminase (TGase) is involved in the regulation of several biological events including cellular differentiation and apoptosis. The expression and activation of TGase are up-regulated in response to retinoic acid (RA), leading to the protection of several cell lines against N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (HPR)-induced apoptosis. The(More)
Tissue transglutaminase (TGase) exhibits both a GTP binding/hydrolytic capability and an enzymatic transamidation activity. Increases in TGase expression and activation often occur in response to stimuli that promote cellular differentiation and apoptosis, yet the signaling mechanisms used by these stimuli to regulate TGase expression and activation and the(More)
EGF receptor (EGFR) signaling in human cancers elicits changes in protein-expression patterns that are crucial for potentiating tumor growth. Identifying those proteins with expression regulated by the EGFR and determining how they contribute to malignancy is fundamental for the development of more effective strategies to treat cancer. Here, we show that(More)