Mara S Benfato

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Oxidative stress has been implicated in a variety of acute and chronic neurologic conditions, including epilepsy. Both the kainic acid and pilocarpine are useful models of temporal lobe epilepsy in rodents. As an index of lipid peroxidation the level thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) was measured after the status epileticus induced by(More)
Recent intervention studies revealed that supplementation with retinoids resulted in a higher incidence of lung cancer. Recently the causal mechanism has begun to be clarified. We report here that retinol caused cellular oxidative stress and modulated superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase activities. Retinol (7 microM) significantly(More)
Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a hereditary disorder with higher potential for oxidative damage due to chronic redox imbalance in red cells. We measured antioxidant enzymes including catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD). We also determined oxidative damage of proteins in hemolysate of red blood cells (RBCs) and plasma(More)
BACKGROUND S100B is a calcium-binding protein expressed and secreted by astrocytes; serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) S100B elevation has been proposed as an index of brain damage. However, other tissues are shown to produce this protein and the clinical significance of serum S100B elevation has been discussed. METHODS We investigated the levels of(More)
Recent intervention studies revealed that supplementation with retinoids resulted in a higher incidence of lung cancer. Recently the causal mechanism has begun to be clarified. We report here that retinol caused cellular DNA damage probably involving cellular iron accumulation. Retinol (7 microM) significantly induced DNA single strands breaks, DNA(More)
We investigated the adaptative response of S. cerevisiae in sod mutants (sod1Δ, sod2Δ and sod1Δsod2Δ) after H2O2 treatment in the stationary phase. sod2Δ and sod1Δsod2Δ demonstrated the highest levels of GSH in the control, suggesting that pathways which include GSH protect these double mutants against oxidative stress. In addition, sod1Δ and sod1Δsod2Δ had(More)
The theory of free radicals and accumulation of damages suggests that the reactive species of oxygen play a key role in the context of aging. Thus, for the best understanding of the aging process, the study of antioxidant defenses has to be considered as part of gerontology. The present work evaluated the enzymatic activity of the enzymes catalase (CAT),(More)
The E. coli recA gene was introduced into the pso4-1 mutant of S. cerevisiae and transformants were treated with 8-MOP+UVA and 254-nm UV light. The results showed that the recA gene increased the resistance to the toxic effect of 8-MOP+UVA and restored the frequency of reversion of the pso4-1 mutants after both treatments. The presence of the recA gene(More)
Reproduction alters the male physiology. We performed a comprehensive examination of oxidative stress in the kidneys of male rats with (experienced) or without (naïve) reproductive activity during aging. Oxidative stress was assessed by measuring the activity of catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase, and superoxide dismutase, and by(More)
Reproduction is a costly life process, and the reproductive investment by females appears to be greater than males in many species. We have analyzed the effects of reproductive investment during aging with respect to oxidative stress parameters in female Wistar rats. We measured the activity glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase, superoxide(More)