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OBJECT The aim of this study was to determine the clinicopathological features of patients with intracranial bleeding from unsuspected meningioma and to relate these data to surgery-related outcome. METHODS The authors report on two cases in which hemorrhage of an unsuspected meningioma occurred in the tentorial ridge and in the falx, and they discuss the(More)
The characteristic response of Schwann cells (SC) accompanies peripheral nerve injury and regeneration. To elucidate their role, the question of whether or not regenerating axons can elongate across the segments of a peripheral nerve devoid of SC was investigated. Rat sciatic nerve was crushed so that the continuity of SC basal laminae was not interrupted.(More)
The role of regenerating axons in the restructuring of the endoneurium into minifascicles after peripheral nerve injury was investigated. Endoneurial changes were studied in the control distal stumps of crushed rat sciatic nerves and in the distal nerve stumps in which, in addition to other cellular elements, the original perineurium had also been destroyed(More)
The study aimed to characterize curcumin (CCM) (fluorescent yellow curry pigment) labeling of neuronal fibrillar tau inclusions (FTIs) in representative cases of 3 main tauopathies: Alzheimer disease (AD), progressive supranuclear palsy, and Pick disease. After identification of FTIs in hematoxylin and eosin-stained brain sections, sequential labeling and(More)
The main step in the pathogenesis of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) is the conformational change of the normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into the abnormal isoform, named prion (PrP(Sc)). Since PrP is a highly conserved protein, the production of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) of high specificity and affinity to PrP is a difficult task.(More)
Murine monoclonal antibody V5B2 which specifically recognizes the pathogenic form of the prion protein represents a potentially valuable tool in diagnostics or therapy of prion diseases. As murine antibodies elicit immune response in human, only modified forms can be used for therapeutic applications. We humanized a single-chain V5B2 antibody using variable(More)
Axons and Schwann cells (SC) in the peripheral nerve (PN) are in permanent interaction. Both myelin-forming SC (MSC) and nonmyelin-forming SC (NMSC) have a defined antigenic phenotype. Four weeks after PN transection, the proliferating SC in the distal stump lose some of their antigens, they start to display antigenic profile of NMSC and, in addition, to(More)
BACKGROUND An R30 fraction from the growth medium of Aeropyrum pernix was analyzed for the protease that can digest the pathological prion protein isoform (PrP(Sc)) from different species (human, bovine, deer and mouse). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Degradation of the PrP(Sc) isoform by the R30 fraction and the purified protease was evaluated using the(More)
BACKGROUND In certain cases, anti-idiotypic antibodies that recognize an antigen-combining site of an antibody can mimic the structure and/or function of certain nominal antigens. This feature makes them particularly useful if conventional experimental approaches fail to fulfil expectations, especially when the molecule of interest is infectious, toxic or(More)