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Deposition of conformationally altered proteins prominently characterizes pathogenesis and pathomorphology of a number of neurodegenerative disorders. 2-(1-{6-[(2-[F-18]fluoroethyl) (methyl)amino]-2-naphthyl} ethylidene) malononitrile ([F-18]FDDNP), a hydrophobic, viscosity-sensitive, solvent-sensitive, fluorescent imaging probe has been used with positron(More)
The characteristic response of Schwann cells (SC) accompanies peripheral nerve injury and regeneration. To elucidate their role, the question of whether or not regenerating axons can elongate across the segments of a peripheral nerve devoid of SC was investigated. Rat sciatic nerve was crushed so that the continuity of SC basal laminae was not interrupted.(More)
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) is an uncommon, usually low-grade, astrocytic tumor. Characteristic histological features include tumor cell pleomorphism and lipidization of tumor cells. Albeit prognosis in PXA is generally good, cases with histological signs of anaplasia have been observed. In these cases, the differential diagnosis needs to exclude(More)
OTX1 and OTX2 are transcription factors with an essential role in the development of the cerebellum. We previously described a high OTX2 expression in medulloblastoma. Here, we analyzed amplification and mRNA expression of OTX1 and OTX2 in a series of human medulloblastomas. In addition, OTX2 protein expression was analyzed on tissue arrays. The OTX2 gene(More)
The mechanisms underlying Zika virus (ZIKV)-related microcephaly and other neurodevelopment defects remain poorly understood. Here, we describe the derivation and characterization, including single-cell RNA-seq, of neocortical and spinal cord neuroepithelial stem (NES) cells to model early human neurodevelopment and ZIKV-related neuropathogenesis. By(More)
BACKGROUND Since precise diagnostic criteria for atypical and malignant meningiomas (AMMs) were provided for the first time in the 2000 World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, there is only sparse information about possible prognostic factors in the group of AMMs. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prognostic significance of various histological and clinical(More)
PURPOSE Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant embryonal brain tumor in children. The current clinical risk stratification to select treatment modalities is not optimal because it does not identify the standard-risk patients with resistant disease or the unknown number of high-risk patients who might be overtreated with current protocols. The aim of(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to determine the clinicopathological features of patients with intracranial bleeding from unsuspected meningioma and to relate these data to surgery-related outcome. METHODS The authors report on two cases in which hemorrhage of an unsuspected meningioma occurred in the tentorial ridge and in the falx, and they discuss the(More)
Increased morbidity and mortality rates as well as some other manifestations in Alzheimer's disease can be explained by subcortical degeneration. Pathological evidence is scarce but confirmative. We report a 77-year-old patient who presented with a 6-year history of dyspnoea, stridor and dysphagia. Unexpectedly, histopathological examination disclosed(More)
The role of regenerating axons in the restructuring of the endoneurium into minifascicles after peripheral nerve injury was investigated. Endoneurial changes were studied in the control distal stumps of crushed rat sciatic nerves and in the distal nerve stumps in which, in addition to other cellular elements, the original perineurium had also been destroyed(More)